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the tirld on tin- evening of April 5th, and had joined (".rant, and was in line and in action at 5 1'. M. on the first day of the battle. (See Wat AV, r'/vA. Vol. 10, Nelson's Report, page 323; Colonel Amens, page 328; Colonel ('.rose's Report, page 337; Colonel Anderson's Report, page 739; Badeau, page ^4. ) And yet General Huell reports that but 21,579 of his army were actually engaged in the battle.
The returns of the War Department, as given by William /'/r\ ton Johnston, page 685, claim that Grant's army on Sunday morning, April 6th, was only: Present for duty, 49,232; total present, 58,052.
Lewis Wallace's division was rested and in good condition, and within an hour's march of the battlefield when the action commenced; but as he did not become actually engaged on the 6th, it is contended that his division, 7,771 strong, should be deducted.
The highest figures, those of General Halleck, put the entire force under Grant and Buell at 176,000, and the lowest figures put the force actually engaged at 70,893.
/ / \ir Records, volume 10, part i , page 398, states that before leaving Corinth for the field of Shiloh, General Johnston's force was as follows: Effective total Infantry, 34,727; artillery, 1,973; cavalry, 2,073; tota l 3 8 773- Total present Infantry, 41,457; artillery, 2,183; cavalry, 2,785; total, 46,425.
A garrison was left at Corinth; large details were made to cordu- roy and repair roads. The cavalry did not get into action; troops were detached and sent to Hamburg and other points, making de- ductions amounting to at least 8,000, leaving those actually engaged at 30,773. so that either estimate would put the entire Federal force more than twice that of the Confederate.
Brigadier-General John K. Jackson was placed in command of my brigade, which, on April 6, consisted of the 2d Texas and the 1 7th, 1 8th, and igth Alabama Regiments of infantry, and General < iarrard's Battery, but after giving the first orders to move forward the duties performed by them were such that the command of the brigade devolved upon me, the orders I received coming directly from the commanding general, Albert Sidney Johnston, and Gene- rals Bragg, Hardee, and Withers.