Page:Southern Historical Society Papers volume 31.djvu/40
Southern Historical Society Papers.
[From the Baltimore, Md., Sun, September 16-October 18, 1903.]
THE BATTLE OF ANTIETAM OR SHARPSBURG.
Reminiscences of Jackson's Old Division by Captain James M. Garnett and Alexander Hunter, with Comments by Alex. Robert Chisholm.
Numbers Against General Lee—An Estimate that He Had but 35,000 or 36,000 in the Conflict—Hungry Men Fought Bravely.
The approaching anniversary of the battle of Sharpsburg, or Antietam creek, recalls vividly to mind the incidents of that battle. It may be remembered by old soldiers that Jackson's Corps, consisting of his own division, commanded by General J. R. Jones; Swell's Division, commanded by General A. R. Lawton, and A. P. Hill's Division, commanded by General A. P. Hill, had been detached to capture Harper's Ferry, whose garrison consisted of 11,000 men under Colonel D. S. Miles.
Jackson was assisted by General J. G. Walker's Division, which occupied Loudon Heights, and General McLaws' Division, which occupied Maryland Heights. There was some delay on the part of these troops in getting into position, but all was ready by the afternoon of September 14. Jackson moved forward, his command extending from the Shenandoah to the Potomac, in the following order from right to left, A. P. Hill, Lawton and Jones.
The attack began early on the morning of Monday, the I5th, and after brisk firing for an hour or more the white flag was displayed, and the place, being completely surrounded, was surrendered by General Julius White, who had returned from Winchester and joined Colonel Miles a few days before, Colonel Miles having been killed by one of the last shots and General White having succeeded to the command.
Battle of South Mountain.
Meantime General McClellan, having come into possession of a copy of General Lee's order of march, found at or near General D. H. Hill's headquarters at Frederick, on September 13 (the responsibility for the loss of which has not been settled to this day), had pressed forward much more rapidly than usual and brought on (Sun-