272 Southern Historical Society Papers.
gence, Hon. Nicholas Cachet, a distinguished lawyer of large means, James F. Park, of the Tuskegee Classical Institute, who, since the, war, has been honored with the distinctions of Ph. D. and LL. D., now living at LaGrange, Ga., and lately mayor of that city, H. R. Thorpe, M. D., from Auburn, a prominent physician, who was promoted to assistant surgeon of a North Carolina regiment, and a very large number of younger men, belonging to the first families in Alabama, and the sons of parents of prominence, influ- ence and wealth. Sergeant Jack Echols, afterwads Colonel C. S A., and whose father was also a colonel, Judge Clopton, Congress- man, and Lieutenant Governor Ligon, were all owners of many slaves and much landed property.
August 3, 1864. At Bunker Hill for three days. This rest and quiet, after our continual marching and counter marching, double- quicking, running, fighting, skirmishing, long-roll alarms by day and by night, loss of sleep by night marches and constant picketing, is generally enjoyed by us all.
On August 4th we left our quiet camp for Maryland, and passed through Martinsburg, halting six miles beyond.
Waded across the Potomac at Williamsport, and marched towards Boonsboro, halting five miles from Funkstown. General Breckin- ridge's command crossed at Shepherdstown. The majority of the men took off their shoes, tied them on their knapsacks, and waded through, over the rocks and gravel, barefoot,
Breckinridge's corps, consisting of his own and Wharton's small divisions, passed by us and crossed the Potomac. General Breck- inridge was formerly vice-president of the United States, and is a magnificent looking man, weighing over 200 pounds. He wears a heavy moustache but no beard, and his large piercing blue eyes are really superb. Rodes' and Ramseur's divisions also crossed to the Virginia side, wading the river again. We marched to the vicinity of Hedgesville and camped for the night.
This, August i4th, rude breastworks of rails were thrown up, but the enemy kept aloof Although we have thrown up scores of earthworks we have never been called upon to fight behind them.
August 17. We left our post for Winchester, and, on our route, saw where several large barns, loaded with wheat, corn and hay, had been burnt by order of General Sheridan. One large flouring mill of great necessity to the locality, had been destroyed. I suppose Sheridan proposes to starve out the citizens, or rather the women