334 Southern Historical Society Papers.
reports indicate. No matter what orders for retiring had passed to the rear of the assaulting columns, those in front were absolutely routed.
That a hopeless undertaking was imposed on urave, veteran, sol- diers, the very flower of the Federal Army in this effort, there can be no doubt, but the task was impossible and they did 'all that brave men could do.
Some of the finest officers in the Federal Army were there in that assault, many since distinguished in both military and civil life Lieutenant-General Miles, Major -General Brooke, Governor Hart- ranft, and others were there.
There should be no reflection on these brave men, though in greater numbers, any more than on Pickett's men in a similar effort at Gettysburg.
The recital of this engagement brings out prominently three points of great interest and especially to soldiers of an artillery or- ganization:
ist. The repulse of the heavy assaulting columns of the enemy, was practically by the destructive fire of artillery alone.
2nd. That this mass of infantry charging over the gradually rising, partly open, plateau for over half a mile in extent in the face of intrenched, well posted, and well served artillery, could not hope to carry such a position as EwelPs Corps held.
2rd. That the meagre published accounts of the affair by the commanding generals on either side, illustrates, as is often the case, the overlooking of important and effective work of the artillery branch of an army.