Stuart in the Gettysburg Campaign. 195
morning, expecting to join Ewell west of the mountain. It is about seventy miles, via Carlisle, from Chambersburg to York.
The letter could not possibly have reached Early on the 29th if it had left Chambersburg later than the 27th. Again, Ed- ward Johnson's division left Carlisle on the morning of the 29th on the Chambersburg pike, and before the second order arrived for Ewell to move east of the mountain, and Ewell's trains were passing through Chambersburg at midnight on the 29th, which shows that they must have left Carlisle probably on the evening of the 28th.
Again, Ewell says he arrived at Carlisle on the 27th, and was starting for Harrisburg on the 29th, but the movement was arrested by an order from General Lee to return. It is clear that Johnson left Carlisle and Early left York in obedience to the first order (27th).
But Ew r ell remained at Carlisle with Rodes' division, after receiving the second order, to give Jenkins time to return from Harrisburg and to unite with Early, marching west, at Heidlers- burg. If the letter in the Records had been written on the 29tb, then neither letter could have reached Ewell before he got to Harrisburg. His march north was arrested by the first letter. Of course, all presumptions are in favor of the correctness of the date of the letter published in the Records. The burden of proof is on those who impeach it. But Ewell's, Early's and Johnson's reports verify the latter in every particular.
It would have been far better for General Lee's military repu- tation if he had written his own report of events of the cam- paign just as they occurred, instead of having an acute lawyer to write a brief for him ; this
"Had been an act of purer fame, Than gathers round Marengo's name."
I am aware that in Virginia there is a sentiment that tolerates only one side of a question that concerns General Lee.
lee's last order to mosby.
After General Stuart was killed, in May, 1864, I reported directly to General Lee. The following is the last order I ever received from him :