Memoir of Richard H. Anderson. 147
ham, Texas, 1852-53, thence to Fort McKavett, New Mexico, 1853-5.4; thence to ,San Antonio, Texas, and back 'to Fort Mc- Kavett, 1855, and was sent to Fort Riley, Kansas, 1856, and aided in qnelHng disturbances there until 1857. Thence he was again sent as Instructing Officer to the Cavalry School of Practice, and in 1858 was ordered on service, conducting re- cruits to Utah; was with the Utah Expedition, 1858-59, and thence was sent to Fort Kearney, Nebraska, 1859-60. His letter of resignation is dated i6th February, 1861. For most of the foregoing, I am indebted to Cullim's Register.
The State of South Carolina had passed the Ordinance of Secession, some of her sister States had followed, and it was evident that Civil War approached, Anderson deemed it his duty to follow the fortunes of his native State and to do her bidding ; accordingly he tendered his services to Governor Pick- ens and was immediately appointed Colonel of the ist Regular Infantry State Troops. Barnard E. E5ee was Lieut. Colonel and John Dunnovant, Major. His regiment was posted on Sulli- van's Island during the bombardment of Fort Sumter. Shortly after the surrender of that Fort, Gen. Beauregard, who had commanded the forces C. S. A. around Charleston, was ordered to A^irginia, and Col. Anderson assumed the command. He was appointed Brigadier General, 20th July, 1861, and about the 1st September following, was ordered to report to Gen; Bragg, at Pensacola ; his Brigade occupied that town and the Navy Yard. On the night of the 8th October, 1861, he com- manded a detail of ten men from, each company of Bragg's Army, in all about 1,100 men, in an attack on the encampment on Santa Rosa Island ; his command embarked at night, made a successful landing, burned the camp and many valuable stores, captured Major A^ogds and some twenty prisoners and returned without material loss. In this affair Anderson's arm was broken. In February, 1862, he received orders to report to Gen. J. E. lohnston, commanding C. S. forces in Virginia, and was as- signed to a brigade composed of the 4th, 5th, 6th and Qth South Carolina Volunteers and Stribling's Battery; with this