Page:Studies in socialism 1906.djvu/32

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xxvi Translator's Introduction

paid in proportion, so that he would be able to provide himself with some of the luxuries of life. Or,if hours were taken as the basis instead of piece- work, the exceptional man who wished to work longer than the minimum day required by the State would be allowed to do so and would be re- warded accordingly-. This system solves the problem of distribution with quantity as the de- termining factor. The factor of quality is far more subtle and would seem to involve the exist- ence of a judging body who should determine the grade to which any given individual belonged. The exceptional man would then be rewarded ac- cording to the grade of excellence he had attained, which would be a rough method of recognising merit/

If we grant the unequal distribution of wealth, some hierarchical grouping of the workers seems almost inevitable. The two great difficulties to be faced would be the possible exaggeration of the differences in rewards given to the members of the different groups and the danger of a cor- rupt official class. We must not forget, however, that it is never capital but only salaries that are to be distributed, and that the means of corruption would therefore be limited. It has also been sug-

��' For a full discussion of the question of distribution, see Menger, UEtat Socialiste, Book II., chapters vii. and viii. ; Kelly, Government or Human Evolution, vol. ii., pp. 298-303, 331-336; Vandervelde, Le Collec- tivisme, Part II., chapter iv.

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