Page:The Dictionary of Australasian Biography.djvu/115

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DICTIONARY OF AUSTRALASIAN BIOGRAPHY.

Clarke, Hon. William John Turner, M.L.C., was the second son of William Clarke, of St. Botolph, Aldgate, London, by Sarah Turner, of Weston Zoyland, in Somersetshire. He settled in Tasmania in 1840, and subsequently acquired extensive pastoral property in that colony, and in Victoria, South Australia, and New Zealand. He married Eliza, daughter of Rev. George Pyke Dowling, of Puckington, Somerset, by Anne Biggs his wife, of an old and wealthy family of Bristol merchants, and had issue three sons—William John (now Sir W. J.) Clarke (q.v.); Thomas Biggs, who was endowed with his father's Quorn Hall and Brambletye properties in Tasmania; and Joseph (q.v.), who inherited the paternal estates in South Australia, New Zealand, and Tasmania. Mr. Clarke was member for the Southern Province in the Legislative Council, and again in 1874.

Clayden, Arthur, was born in Berkshire, and early identified himself with the agricultural labourers' movement, becoming a member of the consultative committee of the National Agricultural Labourers' Union, under the presidency of Mr. Joseph Arch. In 1873 he accompanied Mr. Arch to Canada for the purpose of investigating that colony as a field of emigration, contributing letters to the Daily News on the subject. In 1879 he went out to New Zealand, and while there acted as correspondent for the Daily News. He returned to England in 1890. Mr. Clayden has delivered lectures on "New Zealand as an Emigration Field"; and in 1885 read a paper before the Royal Colonial Institute on "New Zealand in 1884." Some of his letters and lectures have been published in pamphlet form.

Clifford, Sir Charles, Bart., formerly Speaker of the House of Representatives, New Zealand, the eldest son of George Lambert Clifford (fifth son of the Hon. Thomas Clifford, second son of the third Lord Clifford of Chudleigh), by Mary, daughter of Walter Hill Coyney, of Weston Coyney, co. Stafford, was born at Mount Vernon, Liverpool, on Jan. 1st, 1813, and educated at Stonyhurst. He was one of the first settlers in Wellington, N.Z., under the New Zealand Company, arriving in 1843. While in England in 1850 he took a prominent part in the agitation for the grant of a constitutional government to New Zealand; and in 1854, upon the passing of the Constitution Act, returned to the colony, and was elected to the first parliament, of which he was appointed Speaker, an office he held until 1860. He was made a knight bachelor in 1858. Sir Charles was for long engaged in pastoral pursuits in the colony; but finally returned to England, where he has since lived. On July 16th, 1887, he was created a baronet of Flaxbourne, province of Marlborough. Sir Charles married, on Jan. 13th, 1847, Mary Anne, daughter of John Hercy, of Cruchfield House, D.L. for co. Bucks.

Clifton, Leonard Worsley, J.P., ex-Collector of Customs, Western Australia, sixth son of Marshal Waller Clifton, F.R.S. (successively Secretary to the Commissioners for Victualling the Navy and Chief Commissioner for Australind, an abortive settlement in West Australia), by Eleanor, daughter of Daniel Bend, of Wandle House, Surrey, and younger brother of Sir Francis Clifton, 11th Bart., of Clifton, co. Notts, was born in 1830, and married, in 1858, Elizabeth, daughter of J. Ferguson, M.D., J.P., formerly Colonial Surgeon, Western Australia. The following are the details of his official career: Landing Waiter and Postmaster, Bunbury, Western Australia, June 1849; Convict Clerk, Colonial Secretary's office, Jan. 1851, resigned Feb. 1852; reappointed Clerk in Colonial Secretary's office, and served from 1857 to 1859, when he was removed to the Customs Department as first clerk; Acting Collector of Customs, 1862; Collector, 1863; and also officiates as Registrar of Shipping, Shipping Master, and Receiver of Wreck. Mr. Clifton, who retired from the public service in Jan. 1891, is a J.P. for the colony.

Cockburn, Hon. John Alexander, M.P., M.D., son of the late Thomas Cockburn, of Berwickshire, and Isabella Wright his wife, was born at Corsbie, near Duns, in Scotland, on August 23rd, 1850, and was educated at Cholmeley School, Highgate. He studied medicine at King's College, London, and graduated M.D. Lond. (gold medal) in 1874. He emigrated to South Australia in 1875, and practised medicine in Jamestown, where in 1877 he was appointed first mayor of the town, which office he held for three and a half years.

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