Page:The Dictionary of Australasian Biography.djvu/127

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DICTIONARY OF AUSTRALASIAN BIOGRAPHY.

Australasian in March 1875; "In Two Years' Time" (afterwards published by Messrs. Bentley & Son) followed in 1879; and "Dinah" was began in December of the same year. "A Mere Chance" (1880) was also published by Messrs. Bentley later; "Missed in the Crowd" appeared in 1881, and "Across the Grain" in 1882. Mrs. Cross has since published "A Marked Man" and "The Three Miss Kings."


Crossman, Major-General Sir William, R.E., K.C.M.G., A.M.I.C.E., F.R.G.S., J.P., eldest son of the late Robert Crossman, of Cheswick, Northumberland, by Sarah, his wife, daughter of Edmund Douglas, of Kingston-on-Thames, was born at Isleworth, Middlesex, on June 30th, 1830. He was educated at the Royal Military Academy, Woolwich, and entered the army as lieutenant R.E. in Dec 1848. He was appointed captain in 1858, major in 1872, lieut.-colonel in 1873, colonel in 1878, and retired with the rank of major-general in Jan. 1886. Sir William has held a large number of civil appointments, and was in charge of various public works in Western Australia from 1852 to 1856. He was also a visiting magistrate of the colony. Sir William married in 1855 Catherine Josephine, daughter of John Lawrence Morley, of Albany, W.A. He was created C.M.G. on May 1st, 1877, and K.C.M.G. on May 24th, 1884. He was returned at the head of the poll as M.P. for Portsmouth, in the Liberal interest, in Nov. 1885, and again in 1886 as a Liberal Unionist.

Crowther, Hon. William Lodewyk, M.L.C., M.D., is the son of William Crowther, M.R.C.S. (who emigrated to Tasmania), and grandson of Philip Wyatt Crowther, Comptroller of the City of London. He married Victoire Marie Louise, daughter of General Muller, Equerry-in-waiting to the Duke of Kent, who was Mrs. Crowther's godfather. Dr. Crowther sat in the Legislative Council of Tasmania, and was a member of the Reibey Ministry without portfolio from July 1876 to August 1877. In Dec. 1878 he formed an Administration, in which he was Premier without office until Oct. 1879. Dr. Crowther died on April 12th, 1885.

Cullen, Edward Boyd, eldest son of the Rev. J. G. Cullen. was born on March 19th, 1827, and educated in his father's parish of Balmaclellan, Kirkcudbright. He emigrated to New South Wales about 1849, and after some of the usual vicissitudes of colonial life became a clerk in the Bank of New South Wales. In this capacity he opened a branch at Ipswich, Queensland, but retired from the bank, and engaged in pastoral pursuits. On the establishment of the Ipswich Municipal Council, he became the first town clerk, and acted as secretary to the old North Australian Club in that town. Mr. Cullen in 1861 entered the Queensland Civil Service, being appointed Chief Clerk in the Treasury in 1862, and Under-Secretary to that department in Oct. 1877. He is also a Commissioner of Stamp Duties, and in Oct. 1880 was appointed Accountant-General of the Supreme Court of Queensland.

Cuninghame, Archibald, was a barrister in Melbourne "in the early days," and attained to prominence in the public affairs of the inchoate community. In 1845, prior to the separation of Port Phillip (Victoria) from New South Wales, it was proposed by the authorities of the latter colony to float an immigration loan in London, as security for which the lands of Port Phillip would be pledged, as well as those of the Mother colony. Under these circumstances a public meeting was held of the leading residents of Port Phillip, under the presidency of the Mayor of Melbourne, on Sept. 28th, 1845, for the purpose of taking into consideration the necessity of petitioning the Queen against the proposed scheme for pledging the lands of Port Phillip jointly with those of New South Wales proper, and to consider the propriety of appointing an agent to proceed to England to protest against the course proposed, and also to further the great cause of separation. The meeting passed resolutions against any further alienation of the land fund to afford labour to the middle district, and the scheme was also objected, to as creating a new and almost insurmountable barrier to separation. The assemblage appointed Mr. Cuninghame as their delegate to proceed to England to represent the views of the colonists at the centre of the Empire, and he was thus the first somewhat informally selected Agent-General of Victoria in London. A committee was also nominated to frame instructions for

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