Page:The Elements of Euclid for the Use of Schools and Colleges - 1872.djvu/374
|350||EXERCISES IN EUCLID|
125. On the sides AG, BC of a triangle ABC, squares ACDE, BCFH are described: shew that the straight lines AF and BD are equal.
126. The square on the side subtending an acute an- gle of a triangle is less than the squares on the sides containing the acute angle.
127. The square on the side subtending an obtuse an- gle of a triangle is greater than the squares on the sides containing the obtuse angle.
128. If the square on one side of a triangle be less than the squares on the other two sides, the angle contained by these sides is an acute angle ; if greater, an obtuse angle.
129. A straight line is drawn parallel to the hypotenuse of a right-angled triangle, and each of the acute angles is joined with the points where this straight line intersects the sides respectively opposite to them: shew that the squares on the joining straight lines are together equal to the square on the hypotenuse and the square on the straight line drawn parallel to it.
130. If any point P be joined to A, B, C, D, the an- gular points of a rectangle, the squares on PA and PC are together equal to the squares on PB and PD.
131. In a right-angled triangle if the square on one of the sides containing the right angle be three times the square on the other, and from the right angle two straight lines be drawn, one to bisect the opposite side, and the other perpendicular to that side, these straight lines divide the right angle into three equal parts.
132. If ABC be a triangle whose angle A is a right angle, and BE, CF be drawn bisecting the opposite sides respectively, shew that four times the sum of the squares on BE and CF is equal to five times the square on BC.
133. On the hypotenuse BC, and the sides CA, AB of a right-angled triangle ABC, squares BDEC, AF, and AG are described: shew that the squares on DG and EF are together equal to five times the square on BC.