Page:The Elements of Euclid for the Use of Schools and Colleges - 1872.djvu/387
|EXERCISES IN EUCLID.||363|
by the circumference of the other. If CB, BD be joined, shew that AB or AB produced, if necessary, bisects the angle CBD.
258. Two circles intersect at A and B, and through P any point in the circumference of one of them the chords PA and PB are drawn to cut the other circle at C and D : shew that CD is parallel to the tangent at P.
259. If from any point in the circumference of a circle a chord and tangent be drawn, the perpendiculars dropped on them from the middle point of the subtended arc are equal to one another.
260. AB is any chord of a circle, P any point on the circumference of the circle ; PM is a perpendicular on AB and is produced to meet the circle at Q ; and AN is drawn perpendicular to the tangent at P : shew that the triangle NAM is equiangular to the triangle PAQ.
261. Two diameters AOB, COD of a circle are at right angles to each other; P is a point in the circum- ference; the tangent at P meets COD produced at Q, and AP, BP meet the same line at R, S respectively: shew that RQ is equal to SQ
262. Construct a triangle, having given the base, the vertical angle, and the point in the base on which the per- pendicular falls.
263. Construct a triangle, having given the base, the vertical angle, and the altitude.
264. Construct a triangle, having given the base, the vertical angle, and the length of the straight line drawn from the vertex to the middle point of the base.
265. Having given the base and the vertical angle of a triangle, shew that the triangle will be greatest when it is
266. From a given point A without a circle whose centre is O draw a straight line cutting the circle at the points B and C, so that the area BOC may be the greatest possible.
267. Two straight lines containing a constant angle always pass through two fixed points, their position being otherwise unrestricted : shew that the straight line bisect- ing the angle always passes through one or other of two fixed points.
268. Given one angle of a triangle, the side opposite