cion prevails; and we are told that a suspected blacksmith was summarily decapitated, and his head placed over his own door. It also appears that the authorized presses are sending forth placards supposed to be the production of the most furious of the priesthood, in which indiscriminate execution and massacre are inculcated as sacred duties in the event of the success of Don Pedro. The financial difficulties which Miguel encounters at present will be redoubled when the fruits of the present harvest shall have been exhausted; and in this way mere delay will fight the battle of Donna Maria. The Portuguese squadron is refiting, with a view of once more endeavouring to break up the resumed block- ade of Sartorius. There seems to have been no movement of consequence on the part of the forces of Don Pedro.
Oporto, Sept. 4-Things appear more favourable than when I wrote last; the town is remarkably well fortified: I don't think it is possible for the Miguelites to rout us out. The Revenge has gone in, by order of Admiral Parker, to get redress for the insults offered to the British residents in Lisbon.
Falmouth, Sept. 10-The Hermes steamer arrived to-day from Lisbon and Oporto, having left the latter place on the 6th inst. A contest between the forces of Don Pedro and Miguel is expected shortly to take place. Don Miguel has 18,000 men on the north and 3,000 men on the south side of the Douro, commanded by General Gasper Texeira, and Santa Martha. General Povoas has been taking the benefit of the hot baths; he was returning to join the army with several long 24 pounders, from which it is supposed Don Miguel intends to besiege Oporto. Don Pedro is making very preparation to repel the attack. His army continues in high spirits, and they are very confident that success will ultimately crown their efforts. It is reported at Oporto that 3,000 men, consisting of Polish refugees and Portuguese emigrants, had left France to join the constitutional army, and that Don Pedro's cavalry was to be augmented with 400 horse, of which he stands in great need. The two armies may with propriety be compared to two boys quarrelling: Don Miguel, being the strongest, talks very largely, and threatens to visit his smaller opponent with a severe castigation, but has not the courage to put his threats in force; and Don Pedro has not at present the strength to punish the insolence of his haughty and swaggering foe; he has, however, the spirit to defend himself in case of his being attacked; so that different causes prevent either of them commencing the action-the one a shameful want of courage, the other a lack of sufficient strength. Admiral Sartorius was cruizing off Lisbon with two frigates, one brig, and two steamers with the intention of inducing Don Miguel's squadron to put to sea, and bring them to an action; the naval force of the latter consists of the Don John 74. Princess Royal 54. Sybille 26, Isabella, 24. Audz 20. Tagus 20. and Providence 16, a corvette and brig of 18 guns each, and a corvette and two brigs of 14 guns each. A part of Admiral Sartorius's squadron was cruizing off Oporto, and was joined by another brig on the 17th. "A very fine corvette of 28 guns (originally intended for Don Miguel was lying in the harbour ready for sea; 300 seamen were hourly expected to join her. All sorts of provisions at Oporto are now very plenty, and with the exception of bread, exceedingly cheap.
Lisbon, Sept. 4-Admiral Sartorius has communicated to the foreign Consuls here that the entry of the neutral vessels, not laden with warlike stores, will be permitted by the squadron under his command; but it is not known whether this government will allow any further entries.
St. Ubes., Aug. 30.-Several vessels have called off here, and some have got over the Bar without pilots, but none have been allowed to enter the port.
The following are extracts from the Oporto and lisbon Papers received this day:
Oporto, Aug. 25. Eight o'clock a.m.-The rebels, since the 22nd, had approached Oporto in three directions, viz: by the road of Formiga, that of Vallongo, and that of S. Cosme. To-day the head of the column which had approached by La Formiga attempted a connoissance towards Agoa-ardente and Los Congregados, and the sharpshoot- ers on both sides commenced a firing, which was of short duration. Two shots from a howitzer of the battery of Agoa-ardente, and three well-direct- ed from the battery of Los Congregados, falling among the columns of their reserve, determined them quickly to abandon their purpose and to re- treat, leaving three horses dead and a few men, and taking with them some carts with wounded, besides others who accompanied them on foot. We had one soldier wounded. Sufficient praise cannot be given to the coolness and bravery with which our soldiers behaved, and by which they showed the enemy what kind of reception awaited them if they dared to advance.
This journal contains a proclamation to the soldiers of Don Miguel, inviting them to desert from the banners of usurper, and to join the army of the Queen.
The Chronical contains decrees, recompensing the 5th battalion of Cacadores and Volunteers of Donna Maria 11., for their bravery and good conduct both in Terceira and since in Portugual; also a decree giving 152 insignia of the order of the Tower and Sword to the soldiers of the liberating army, for their exploits in the battle of the 23d July at Ponte Ferrcira.
Oporto, Aug. 29.-Yesterday, at four o'clock in the afternoon, Joaquim Ribeira, a soldier of the 1st company of the first battalion of the 3d regi ment of Infantry, condemed to death by a court-martial, for having attempted to seduce some soldiers to desert, was executed according to his sentence. This is the first sentence of death that his Imperial Majesty, acting as Regent in the name of the Queen, has confirmed and allowed to be executed.
Aug. 31.-A decree, dated (Aug. 20) decides that every citizen who, without having a legitimate excuse, shall refuse to serve any public office to which he is legally appointed, shall be forced.
Sept. 1.-Sailors of the men of war of her Most faithful Majesty having been met in all parts of the city without any reason authorising them to be on shore, which can only happen from the neglect of discipline by the Commanders of the said ships, his imperial Majesty hopes that he shall not be obliged a second time to cause the Commanders of the ships of war to be reminded that it is their principal duty to preserve discipline on board, and that they alone are answerable for all neglect of orders by those under them.
No communication by means of boats between ships anchored in Douro and the shore is to be allowed after sunset.
The Lisbon Gazettes, from Aug. 27 to Sept. 4 both inclusive, contain no other dispatches from the army.
Lisbon, August 31.-By the mails this week we have letters from which we make the following extracts:—
Volongo, August 23.-All our troops are within three quarters of a league of Oporto. It is impossible to describe the enthusiasm, or I might rather call it the rage of the soldiers against the rebels, who are in a most unhappy situation. As soon as our troops approached Oporto, that city was in the greatest alarm that can be conceived. To-day a French sergeant and two soldiers have come over, and eleven Portuguese, who beg to be allowed to join our ranks.
Coimbra, Aug. 25.-We hear that with the devision beyond the Douro there are 6,000 or 7,000 guerillas, well armed, and that all of them, as well as the troops, are impatient to attack the rebels.
Penafiel, Aug. 18.-Our advanced posts are within a short distance of Oporto. The rebels in that city remained in arms since the 15th; the scarcity of flour is much felt, millet flour having sold at 1440rs. per Alqueire. All the families who are able to do so continue to fly from the city, which is a scene of disorder, confusion, terror, and imprisonments; and it often happens that persons arrested die, on entering the prisons, of the blows that they have received on the way.
emigration.-The following vessels sailed from this port, for America, during March, having on board the number of passengers enumerated:- Caledonia, 60; Cosmo, 165; Superb, 200; and Cambridge, 209; for new York. Alicia, 70; Canton, 30; and Emerald, 130; for Philadelphia, Airthry Castle, 200; Concord, 150; David, 50; Superior, 37; and Ariadne, 66, for Qubec, total 1,358.-Bristol Mercury.
Several able young men respectably connected have just left Faversham as emigrants to America.
A select vestry on the subject of emigration is called in Brighton, for Friday.
From Eltham, Kent, two Families have left for London, to take their departure for New York; for which place vessels with emigrants sail on the 10th and 25th instant, and will continue to depart twice a month regularly during the season. It is remarkable that the greater part of those emigrating from this place and near Maidstone, whence seventy have lately left for America, are persons with a small independence, and that no assistance can induce the paupers to quit their country. The passage money to New York is £6. for Adults, and half the sum for children.
Saturday the ship Manfield, Captain Stainback, left the St. Katharine's Dock with 150 passengers on board, for Hobart Town and Launceston, Van Diemen's Land. The Emigrants are chiefly persons who have moved in a respectable sphere of life and the vessel is well provided with live stock of all kinds, The Governor Halkett sailed from the London Dock for the same Colony with upwards of 100 passengers; in addition to which, there are 12 vessels fitting out in the St. Katharine and London Docks for Van Diemen's Land and New South Wales. Two ships, each containing 190 females under 21 years of age, sent out at the expence of Government, left Woolwich last week for Hobart Town and Sydney. Three American ships sailed for the United States from the Port of London last week with 300 Emigrants on board, principally from the metropolis. The rage for emigration has done much good for the shipping interests.-Times
Export of English Women.-The Princess Royal, Captain Young, sailed from Deptford on Thursday morning, for Hobart Town, Van Diemen s Land, and has taken out from 200 to 300 females, widows and spinsters, 4 clergymen (we have not heard of what order), one surgeon, and assistants. Not the least curious part of this "new system" of export is, that a "friend" (an old tea-dealer) is stated to be the shipper. This is a new discovery, and no doubt will not only be safer but much more prolific than the "old mines," even the "Real del Monte," which were discovered in 1825.
We seriously advise a few more of the "old tea dealers" who have worked out the "tea-mine" to go and do likewise.
We hear there are hundreds and hundreds more to be sent from other ports of England and Ireland.
There are commissioners appointed for this "new work," and in order to entice our fair countrywomen to emigrate, they give a bounty of £8 to each, from the age of 18 to 30 years, so that old England will still have the privilege of retaining the old ladies and children; and all this is going on in every port of the kingdom, whilst our brave and gallant duke proclaims to the world that no reform is wanted in England.
We sincerely wish he had witnessed, as we did, this heart-rending scene of parting between fathers, mothers and brothers of these young women!
STORES, OF THE UNDERSIGNED.
Perth, and Fremantle, Jan. 24th, 1833
Men's Strong Shoes
Edited, Printed, and Published by CHARLES MACFAULL, at the Gazette Office, Perth
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