Page:The Victoria History of the County of Surrey Volume 3.djvu/480
A HISTORY OF SURREY
MANOR The manor of PIRBRIGHT (Piri-
fright, xiii cent.) does not seem to occur
earlier than the 1 3th century, when it was reported to be held of the honour of Clare by Peter de Pirbright. 1 John Trenchard died seised of it under the Earl of Gloucester in 1301-2.' His heir was Henry, aged 18 ; but in 1314 John Bishop of Bath and Wells held it. 3 The overlordship passed to Hugh le Despenser, who was holding in 1324.* After Hugh le Despenser's forfeiture in 1326 the manor was granted to Edmund, Earl of Kent,' who not long afterwards was executed for treason and lost his estates. 6 Sir John Mautravers in 1330 received Pirbright from Edward III/ but this grant was prob- ably only temporary, since Sir John's name does not occur in a descent given less than a century later. 8 Edmund son of Edmund was restored in blood and to all his lands in the same year in which his father had been executed. He died a minor. His brother John succeeded, and died in 1352 holding Pirbright.* His wife Elizabeth had Pirbright in dower, 10 but subject to her right of dower it passed to Joan, Princess of Wales, John's sister, whose son by her first husband, Thomas Holand, Earl of Kent, died seised of it in 1 397." He was succeeded by his sons Thomas and Edmund in turn, but they both died without issue," and from
���HOLAND. Gules thru leopards or in * herder argent.
��MORTIMER. Barry or and axure a chief or ivith two pales between two gyrons azure therein and a scutcheon argent over all.
��them the manor passed into the family of Mortimer by the marriage of their sister Eleanor with Roger Mortimer, Earl of March. 13 Edmund, Earl of March, son of Eleanor, died seised of the manor in 1425," leaving three co-heirs : Richard, Duke of York, son of his sister Anne, and his two surviving sisters, Joan wife of Sir John Grey, and Joyce wife of Sir John Tiptoft. 16 Probably some deed of partition was exe- cuted by virtue of which this manor was assigned to the Duke of York, for some years later it was held by his widow Cecily as part of her dower ; 16 and passing later to her son Edward IV, became merged in the possessions of the Crown. Edward inclosed a great part of the lands pertaining to the manor for a park, and appointed Sir Thomas Bourchier first keeper. 17 There had been a park before, disparked under Richard II."
During the reign of Henry VIII the manor
���BROWNE, Viscount Montagu. Sable three lions passant bendiuays be- tween two double cotiset argent.
��changed hands several times. It formed part of the marriage portion of Queen Katharine of Aragon," and was later successively in the possession of Sir Thomas Boleyn K and Sir William Fitz William." Finally it was granted to Sir Anthony Browne, afterwards Viscount Montagu, 2 ' with whose family it remained until the middle of the next century. In 1677 Francis, Lord Montagu, great- grandson of Sir Anthony, con- veyed it to John Glynne ot Henley Park. 83 At Mr. Glynne's death the manor de- scended to his daughter Doro- thy, 24 who became the wife of Sir Richard Child, afterwards Earl Tylney of Castlemaine." The earl sold Pirbright in 1739 to Solomon Dayrolles (see Henley), 16 who in 1784 disposed of it to Henry Halsey.' 7 The Halsey family are still in possession.
The church of ST. MICHAEL AND CHURCH ALL ANGELS consists of chancel with north vestry, organ bay and south chapel, nave, north aisle with gallery extending also round the west end, west tower, and south porch. The building is of little architectural interest, being mostly of 18th-century date or later, the chancel and tower being of Heath stone and the nave of red brick with a stone plinth. The chancel is in I Jth -century style with an east window of three traceried lights, a moulded arch and door on the north to the vestry and organ bay, and a similar but wider arch to the chapel on the south. The chancel arch is of 15th- century style, and consists of two moulded orders, which continue nearly to the ground.
The north arcade is formed by three wooden Tuscan columns carrying a panelled architrave. The north aisle has three large round-headed windows, and in the south wall of the nave are two like them, and between them a round-headed brick doorway opening to a simple but pleasing wooden porch. All internal fittings, including the octagonal font by the south door, are modern.
The tower has a tall round-headed west doorway, the upper part glazed, plain round-headed belfry lights, and two circular lights in the second stage. It is finished with a small shingled spire and battlements. On the exterior of the south walls of the nave and tower, which has been recently in part repaired, are various initials and the date 1785. In the south aisle of the chancel is a plain and ancient three-lock chest of oak.
The six bells are modern, by Mears & Stainbank.
The plate comprises a chalice made in 1654, w ' tn LR pricked on the bowl, a small flat paten made in
1739, a modern paten and modern flagon. There are also two London pewter plates and a pewter flagon.
��1 Testa de Nevill (Rec. Com.), 219, zzob.
8 Chan. Inq. p.m. 30 Edw. I, 32.
Ibid. 8 Edw. II, 68.
4 Feet of F. SUIT. Trin. 17 Edw. II.
Chart. R. I Edw. Ill, 82.
G.E.C. Complete Peerage.
1 Cal, Pat. 1327-30, p. 517.
Chan. Inq. p.m. 4 Hen. VI, no. 36,
Ibid. 26 Edw. Ill, 54.
��"> Close, 27 Edw. Ill, m. 25.
11 Chan. Inq. p.m. 20 Ric. Ill, no. 30. For connexion between Thomas and Ed- mund see manor of Sutton in Woking.
13 G.E.C. Complete Peerage. " Ibid.
14 Chan. Inq. p.m. 3 Hen. VI, no. 32.
" Cal. Pat. 1476-85, p. 278. Ibid. 333.
3 6 4
��" Harl. MS. 433, fol. 200. "L.andP.Hen.ytII, i, 22. 80 Ibid. 373. Ibid, iii, 414.
88 Pat. i & 2 Phil, and Mary, pt. irv. 83 Manning and Bray, Hist, Surr, i, 148.
M Aubrey, Hist. Surr. iii, 215.
85 G.E.C. Complete Peerage.
26 Manning and Bray, Hist, Surr. i, 149.
8 ? Feet of F. Surr. Hil. 25 Geo. III.