Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 102 Part 2.djvu/121

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PUBLIC LAW 100-000—MMMM. DD, 1988

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PUBLIC LAW 100-418—AUG. 23, 1988

102 STAT. 1125

(A) measures identified in the annual report prepared under section 181 of the Trade Act of 1974 (19 U.S.C. 2241); and (B) foreign tariffs and nontariff barriers on competitive United States exports when like or similar products enter the United States at low rates of duty or are duty-free, and other tariff disparities that impede access to particular export markets. (14) WORKER RIGHTS.—The principal negotiating objectives of the United States r^arding worker rights are— (A) to promote respect for worker rights; (B) to secure a review of the relationship of worker rights to GATT articles, objectives, and related instruments with a view to ensuring that the benefits of the trading system are available to all workers; and (C) to adopt, as a principle of the GATT, that the denial of worker rights should not be a means for a country or its industries to gain competitive advantage in international trade. (15) ACCESS TO HIGH TECHNOLOGY.—

(A) The principal negotiating objective of the United States r^arding access to h^h technology is to obtain the elimination or reduction of foreign barriers to, and acts, policies, or practices by foreign governments which limit, equitable access by United States persons to foreigndeveloped technoli^, including barriers, acts, policies, or practices which have the effect of— (i) restricting the participation of United States persons in government-supported research and development projects; (ii) denying equitable access by United States persons to government-held patents; (iii) requiring the approval or agreement of government entities, or imposing other forms of government interventions, as a condition for the granting of licenses to United States persons by foreign persons (except for approval or agreement which may be necessary for national security purposes to control the export of critical military technology); and (iv) otherwise denying equitable access by United States persons to foreign-developed technology or contributing to the inequitable flow of technology between the United States and its trading partners. (B) In pursuing the negotiating objective described in subparagraph (A), the United States negotiators shall take into account United States Government policies in licensing or otherwise making available to foreign persons technology and other information developed by United States laboratories. (16) BORDER TAXES.—The principal negotiating objective of the United States r^arding border taxes is to obtain a revision of the GATT with respect to the treatment of border adjustments for internal taxes to redress the disadvantage to countries relying primarily for revenue on direct taxes rather than indirect taixes.

Research and development. Patents and trademarks.