Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 102 Part 2.djvu/359
PUBLIC LAW 100-418—AUG. 23, 1988
102 STAT. 1363
SEC. 2432. MONITORING OF WOOD EXPORTS.
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The Secretary of Commerce shall, for a period of 2 years beginmng on the date of the enactment of this Act, monitor exports of processed and unprocessed wood to all countries of the Pacific Rim. The Secretary shall include the results of such monitoring in monthly reports setting forth, with respect to each item monitored, actual exports, the destination by country, and the domestic and worldwide price, supply, and demand. The Secretary shall transmit Reports. such reports to the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs of the Senate. SEC. 2433. STUDY ON NATIONAL SECURITY EXPORT CONTROLS. (a) ARRANGEMENTS FOR AND CONTENTS OF STUDY.—
(1) ARRANGEMENTS FOR CONDUCTING STUDY.—The Secretary of
Commerce and the Secretary of Defense, not later than 60 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, shall enter into appropriate arrangements with the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering (hereafter in this section referred to as the "Academies") to conduct a comprehensive study of the adequacy of the current export administration system in safeguarding United States national security while maintaining United States international competitiveness and Western technological preeminence. (2) REQUIREMENTS OF STUDY.—Recognizing the need to minimize the disruption of United States trading interests while preventing Western technology from enhancing the development of the military capabilities of controlled countries, the study shall— (A) identify those goods and technologies which are likely to make crucial differences in the military capabilities of controlled countries, and identify which of those goods and technologies controlled countries already possess or are available to controlled countries from other sources; (B) develop implementable criteria by which to define those goods and technolc^es; (C) demonstrate how such criteria would be applied to the control list by the relevant agencies to revise the list, eliminate ineffective controls, and strengthen controls; (D) develop proposals to improve United States and multilateral assessments of foreign availability of goods and technolc^y subject to export controls; and (E) develop propc^als to improve the administration of the export control program, including procedures to ensure timely, predictable, and effective decision-making. (b) ADVISORY PANEL.—In conducting the study under subsection (a), the Academies shall appoint an Advisory Panel of not more than 24 members who shall be selected from among individuals in private life who, by virtue of their experience and expertise, are knowledgeable in relevant scientific, business, legal, or administrative matters. No individual may be selected as a member who, at the time of his or her appointment, is an elected or appointed official or employee in the executive, l^islative, or judicial branch of the Government In selecting members of the Advisory Panel, the Academies shall seek suggestions from the President, the Congress, and representatives of industry and the academic community.
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