Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 104 Part 3.djvu/160

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104 STAT. 1512 PUBLIC LAW 101-510—NOV. 5, 1990 (2) The program elements in paragraph (1) shall be the only program elements used in the program and budget information concerning the Strategic Defense Initiative submitted to Congress by the Secretary of Defense in support of the budget submitted to Congress by the President under section 1105 of title 31, United States Code, for any fiscal year after fiscal year 1991. (b) RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION OBJEC- TIVES.— (1) PHASE I DEFENSES. —The Phase I Defenses program element shall include programs, projects, and activities which have as a primary objective the development of systems, components, and architectures for a strategic defense system capable of providing low to moderate defensive capabilities against a largescale ballistic missile attack against the United States. Such activities may include those necessary to develop systems, components, and architectures capable of providing an early deplo5mient option against limited attacks, including accidental, unauthorized, or deliberate launch of a small number of ballistic missiles. (2) LIMITED PROTECTION SYSTEMS. — The Limited Protection Systems program element shall include programs, projects, and activities which have as a primary objective the development of systems and components which, if deployed as a limited defense, would not be in violation of the 1972 ABM Treaty. For purposes of planning, evaluation, design, and effectiveness studies, such programs, projects, and activities may take into consideration both the current numerical limitations of the 1972 ABM Treaty and modest changes to those numerical limitations. (3) THEATER AND ATBM DEFENSES. —The Theater and ATBM Defenses program element shall include programs, projects, and activities which have as a primary objective— (A) the development of deployable and rapidly relocatable anti-tactical ballistic missile (ATBM) defenses for forward deployed and expeditionary United States armed forces, and (B) cooperation with friendly and allied nations in the development of theater defenses against tactical ballistic missiles. (4) FOLLOW-ON SYSTEMS.— The Follow-On Systems program element shall include programs, projects, and activities which have as a primary objective the development of technologies capable of supporting systems, components, and architectures that could produce highly effective defenses for deployment after the beginning of the twenty-fi^st century. (5) RESEARCH AND SUPPORT ACTIVITIES. — The Research and Support Activities program element shall include programs, projects, and activities which have as a primary objective— (A) the provision of basic research and technical, engineering, and managerial support to the programs, projects, and activities within the program elements in paragraphs (1) through (4); (B) innovative science and technology projects; (C) the provision of test and evaluation services; and (D) program management. (c) FUNDING LIMITATIONS.— (1) Of the amounts appropriated pursuant to section 201 or otherwise made available to the Department of Defense for research, development, test, and evaluation for