PUBLIC LAW 101-549—NOV. 15, 1990 104 STAT. 2481 Reports. Public information. SEC. 206. MOBILE SOURCE-RELATED AIR TOXICS. Section 202 of the Clean Air Act (42 U.S.C. 7521) is amended by adding the following new subsection after subsection (k): "(1) MOBILE SOURCE-RELATED AIR TOXICS. — "(1) STUDY.— Not later than 18 months after the date of the enactment of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990, the Administrator shall complete a study of the need for, and feasibility of, controlling emissions of toxic air pollutants which are unregulated under this Act and associated with motor vehicles and motor vehicle fuels, and the need for, and feasibility of, controlling such emissions and the means and measures for such controls. The study shall focus on those categories of emissions that pose the greatest risk to human health or about which significant uncertainties remain, including emissions of benzene, formaldehyde, and 1, 3 butadiene. The proposed report shall be available for public review and comment and shall include a summary of all comments. "(2) STANDARDS.— Within 54 months after the date of the Regulations enactment of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990, the Administrator shall, based on the study under paragraph (1), promulgate (and from time to time revise) regulations under subsection (a)(1) or section 211(c)(l) containing reasonable requirements to control hazardous air pollutants from motor vehicles and motor vehicle fuels. The regulations shall contain ' standards for such fuels or vehicles, or both, which the Administrator determines reflect the greatest degree of emission reduction achievable through the application of technology which will be available, taking into consideration the standards established under subsection (a), the availability and costs of the technology, and noise, energy, and safety factors, and lead time. Such regulations shall not be inconsistent with standards under section 202(a). The regulations shall, at a minimum, apply to emissions of benzene and formaldehyde.". SEC. 207. EMISSION CONTROL DIAGNOSTICS SYSTEMS AND BUSES. (a) EMISSION CONTROL DIAGNOSTICS. —Section 202 of the Clean Air Act (42 U.S.C. 7521) is amended by adding the following after subsection (1): "(m) EMISSIONS CONTROL DIAGNOSTICS. — "(1) REGULATIONS. —Within 18 months after the enactment of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990, the Administrator shall promulgate regulations under subsection (a) requiring manufacturers to install on all new light duty vehicles and light duty trucks diagnostics systems capable of— "(A) accurately identifying for the vehicle's useful life as established under this section, emission-related systems deterioration or malfunction, including, at a minimum, the catalytic converter and oxygen sensor, which could cause or result in failure of the vehicles to comply with emission standards established under this section, "(B) alerting the vehicle's owner or operator to the likely need for emission-related components or systems maintenance or repair, "(C) storing and retrieving fault codes specified by the Administrator, and "(D) providing access to stored information in a manner specified by the Administrator.
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