Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 105 Part 2.djvu/293

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PUBLIC LAW 102-182—DEC. 4, 1991 105 STAT. 1245 TITLE III—CONTROL AND ELIMINATION OF CHEMICAL AND BIOLOGICAL WEAP- ONS SEC. 301. SHORT TITLE. This title may be cited as the "Chemical and Biological Weapons Control and Warfare Elimination Act of 1991". SEC. 302. PURPOSES. The purposes of this title are— (1) to mandate United States sanctions, and to encourage international sanctions, against countries that use chemical or biological weapons in violation of international law or use lethal chemical or biological weapons against their own nationals, and to impose sanctions against companies that aid in the proliferation of chemical and biological weapons; (2) to support multilaterally coordinated efforts to control the proliferation of chemical and biological weapons; (3) to urge continued close cooperation with the Australia Group and cooperation with other supplier nations to devise ever more effective controls on the transfer of materials, equipment, and technology applicable to chemical or biological weapons production; gmd (4) to require Presidential reports on efforts that threaten United States interests or regional stability by Iran, Iraq, Syria, Libya, and others to acquire the materials and technology to develop, produce, stockpile, deliver, transfer, or use chemical or biological weapons. SEC. 303. MULTILATERAL EFFORTS. (a) MULTILATERAL CONTROLS ON PROLIFERATION. —I t is the policy of the United States to seek multilaterally coordinated efforts with other countries to control the proliferation of chemical and biological weapons. In furtherance of this policy, the United States shall— (1) promote Eigreements banning the transfer of missiles suitable for armament with chemical or biological warheads; (2) set as a top priority the early conclusion of a comprehensive global agreement banning the use, development, production, and stockpiling of chemical weapons; (3) seek and support effective international means of monitoring and reporting regularly on commerce in equipment, materials, and technology applicable to the attainment of a chemical or biological weapons capability; and (4) pursue and give full support to multilateral sanctions pursuant to United Nations Security Council Resolution 620, which declared the intention of the Security Council to give immediate consideration to imposing "appropriate and effective" sanctions against any country which uses chemical weapons in violation of international law. (b) MULTILATERAL CONTROLS ON CHEMICAL AGENTS, PRECURSORS, AND EQUIPMENT.— It is also the policy of the United States to strengthen efforts to control chemical agents, precursors, and equipment by taking all appropriate multilateral diplomatic measures— Chemical and Biological Weapons Control and Warfare Elimination Act of 1991. President. 22 USC 5601 note. 22 USC 5601. 22 USC 5602.