PUBLIC LAW 102-190—DEC. 5, 1991 105 STAT. 1493 "CHAPTER 33A—APPOINTMENT, PROMOTION, AND INVOLUNTARY SEPARATION AND RETIRE- MENT FOR MEMBERS ON THE WARRANT OFFI- CER ACTIVE-DUTY LIST "Sec. "571. Warrant officers: grades. "572. Warrant officers: original appointment; service credit. "573. Convening of selection boards. "574. Warrant officer active-duty lists; competitive categories; number to be recommended for promotion; promotion zones. "575. Recommendations for promotion by selection boards. "576. Information furnished to selection boards; selection procedures. "577. Promotions: effect of failure of selection for. "578. Promotions; how made; effective date. "579. Removal from a promotion list. "580. Regular warrant officers twice failing of selection for promotion: involuntary retirement or separation. "581. Selective retirement. "582. Warrant officer active-duty list: exclusions. "583. Definitions.
- '§ 571. Warrant officers: grades
"(a) The regular warrant officer grades in the Army, Navy, Air Force, and Marine Corps corresponding to the pay grades prescribed for warrant officers by section 201(b) of title 37 are as follows: "Warrant officer grade: "Chief warrant officer, W-5 "Chief warrant officer, W-4 "Chief warrant officer, W-3 "Chief warrant officer, W-2 "Warrant officer, W-1 "(b) Appointments in the grade of regular warrant officer, W-1, shall be made by warrant by the Secretary concerned. Appointments in regular chief warrant officer grades shall be made by commission by the President. "(c) An appointment may not be made in any of the armed forces in the regular warrant officer grade of chief warrant officer, W-5, if the appointment would result in more than 5 percent of the warrant officers of that armed force on active duty being in the grade of chief warrant officer, W-5. In computing the limitation prescribed in the preceding sentence, there shall be excluded warrant officers described in section 582 of this title.
- '§ 572. Warrant officers: original appointment; service credit
"For the purposes of promotion, persons originally appointed in regular or reserve warrant officer grades shall be credited with such service as the Secretary concerned may prescribe. However, such a person may not be credited with a period of service greater than the period of active service performed in the grade, or pay grade corresponding to the grade, in which so appointed, or in any higher grade or pay grade. "§ 573. Convening of selection boards "(a)(l) Whenever the Secretary of a military department determines that the needs of the service so require, he shall convene a selection board to recommend for promotion to the next higher warrant officer grade warrant officers on the warrant officer active-�