PUBLIC LAW 102-325—JULY 23, 1992 106 STAT. 819 associated with participation of low-income, disadvantaged, non- EngUsh language background, disabled, and minority students, including (but not limited to) African American, Native Americans, Native Hawaiians, major Hispanic subgroups, and Asian students from disadvantaged backgrounds in various tj^es of postsecondary education. The survey data shall permit comparisons with other groups that have characteristically participated at higher rates than at-risk students. (b) DEVELOPMENT OF THE SURVEY. —The Secretary of Education shall consult with the Congress and the elementary and secondary and higher education commxmity in developing such an annual survey. The survey shall include, but not be hmited to— (1) academic preparation of groups at key points in the elementary and secondary education process; (2) rates of academic progress and graduation from high school; (3) participation in postsecondary education by type and control of institution and by program of study; (4) persistence rates in postsecondeiry programs, or, in the case of short-term programs, completion rates; and (5) average student financisd assistance awarded to groups, including Federal, State, and other assistance. (c) REPORT TO CONGRESS. —The Secretary of Education shall report relevant data and conclusions from the survey to Congress on an annual basis, including comparisons of important factors for at-risk and other relevant populations. (d) DEVELOPMENT OF PLAN. —In the event of significant findings related to underparticipation rates of at-risk and other students, the Secretary of Education shall submit a plan containing policies and program modifications for ensuring the participation of atrisk students. The plan shall indicate the modifications the Secretary will make to increase participation, including, but not limited to, increasing information and training, and recommending other relevant changes to the programs under this title. (e) PANEL SURVEY ON INCOME DYNAMICS.— (1) IN GENERAL. —The Secretary of Education, acting through the National Center for Education Statistics, shall make an interagency agreement with the National Science Foundation to provide for additional questions and an appropriate sample size as part of an existing panel study of income dyneunics to provide information on Qie educational processes and other developmental behavior of Hispanic, black, and non-Hispanic white children and their short-term and long-term consequences. (2) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS. —There are authorized to be appropriated $900,000 for fiscal year 1993 and such sums for each of the 4 succeeding fiscal years to carry out this subsection. SEC. 1407. EVALUATION OF TUITION GUARANTY PROGRAMS. 20 USC 1070a-21 (a) PURPOSE.— The purposes of this section are— (1) to require the Secretary of Education to determine the effectiveness of programs for disadvantaged elementary and secondary school students that offer gusirantees for postsecondary education; and (2) to identify ways to encourage the business community to participate in such programs.