Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 106 Part 1.djvu/883

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PUBLIC LAW 102-331—AUG. 3, 1992 106 STAT. 851 Public Law 102-381 102d Congress Joint Resolution To designate July 28, 1992, as "Buffalo Soldiers Day". Whereas the Congress responded to the brave Civil War service of more than 180,000 African-American troops by voting on July 28, 1866, to create 6 regular Army regiments composed of African- American enlisted soldiers; Whereas the 9th and 10th Cavalry regiments were among those regiments, which consisted of veterans of the Civil War and free men of color; Whereas the 9th Cavalry was stationed at Greenville, Louisiana, and the 10th Cavahy was stationed at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, from where they played a key role in the history of the American West, guarding wagon trains, surveying roads, building forts, and protecting settlers; Whereas after a battle in 1867 near Fort Hays, Ksinsas, Cheyenne warriors remarked that the African-American soldiers fought as fiercely as buffaloes, and the cavalry thereafter adopted the name "Buffalo Soldiers" as a badge of honor; Whereas the Buffalo Soldiers were an important part of American history and served the United States in many States and Nations, including Arizona, California, Kansas, Louisiana, Montana, Nebraska, New York, Oklahoma, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Cuba, Mexico, and the Philippines; Whereas the Buffalo Soldiers' military heroics included serving with Theodore Roosevelt and the Rough Riders during the Spanish-American War, and helping to capture Billy the Kid and Pancho Villa; Whereas some Buffalo Soldiers became famous Afiican-American military officers, including Henry Flipper, Charles Young, and Benjamin Davis; Whereas the Buffalo Soldiers served with pride and maintained high morale and the lowest desertion rate in the Army, despite receiving the worst equipment and food, Uving in inadequate housing, and being subjected to discrimination; Whereas the Buffalo Soldiers were repeatedly cited for heroism and dedication to duty, including numerous campaign and unit citations, as well as 22 individual Congressional Medals of Honor; Whereas the Buffalo Soldiers served in the highest tradition of the United States military, but still have not been given their proper place in American lustory; Whereas General Colin Powell, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, recognized this omission in 1982 while serving as Deputy Commander at Fort Leavenworth, and set in motion efforts to construct a monument to these forgotten heroes; Whereas a monument to the Buffalo Soldiers will be dedicated at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, in July 1992, on a site where Buffalo Soldiers camped during the late 19th and early 20th centuries; and Aug. 3, 1992 [S.J. Res. 92]