Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 106 Part 2.djvu/808

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106 STAT. 1688 PUBLIC LAW 102-391—OCT. 6, 1992 NUCLEAR NON-PROLIFERATION POLICY IN SOUTH ASIA SEC. 585. (a) The Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 is amended by inserting the following new section: 22 USC 2376. "SEC. 620F. NUCLEAR NON-PRGUFERATION POLICY IN SOUTH ASIA. "(a) FINDINGS.— The Congress finds that— "(1) the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction remains one of the most serious threats to international peace and stability; "(2) South Asia, in particular, is an area where the threat of a regional nuclear exchange remains high due to continued Indo-Pakistani tensions over issues such as Kashmir;

    • (3) to date. United States efforts to halt proliferation in

South Asia have failed; "(4) although global disarmament is a desirable goal which should be vigorously pursued, both regional and sub-regional security arrangements can serve to decrease tensions and promote non-proliferation in certain areas; "(5) thus far, there has been some success on a regional basis, such as the South Pacific Nuclear Weapons Free Zone and the Treaty of Tlatelolco in Latin America; "(6) in particular, in Latin America, the Treaty of Tlatelolco has been signed by all the nuclear powers; "(7) a critical part of this treaty is Protocol II which prohibits nuclear attacks by nuclear weapons states on signatories to the treaty; "(8) in 1991, a proposal was made for a regional conference on non-proliferation in South Asia which would include Pakistan, India, the People's Republic of China, the Soviet Union, and the United States; and

    • (9) thus far, Pakistan, China, Russia, and the United

States have expressed interest in attending such a conference, whereas India has refused to attend. "(b) POLICY. —It is the sense of the Congress that the President should pursue a policy which seeks a regional negotiated solution to the issue of nuclear non-proliferation in South Asia at the earliest possible time, including a protocol to be signed by all nuclear weapons states, prohibiting nuclear attacks by nuclear weapons states on countries in the region. Such a policy should have as its ultimate goal concurrent accession by Pakistan and India to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, and should also include as needed a phased approach to that goal through a series of agreements among the parties on nuclear issues, such as the agreement reached by Pakistan and India not to attack one another's nuclear facilities. President. "(c) REPORT ON PROGRESS TOWARD REGIONAL NON-PROLIFERA- TION. —Not later than April 1, 1993, and every six months thereafter, the President shall submit a report to the Committees on Appropriations, the Speaker of the House of Representatives, and the chairman of the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate, on nuclear proliferation in South Asia, including efforts taken by the United States to achieve a regional agreement on nuclear nonproliferation, and including a comprehensive list of the obstacles to concluding such a regional agreement.". President. (b) REPORT ON SOUTH ASIAN NUCLEAR PROGRAMS. — Not later than six months after the enactment of this Act, the President shall submit a report with respect to the People's Republic of