PUBLIC LAW 102-408—OCT. 13, 1992 106 STAT. 2055 profit organizations and public or nonprofit colleges, universities, or schools of, or programs that specialize in, nursing, mental health practice, optometry, public health, dentistry, osteopathy, physicians assistants, pharmacy, podiatry, medicine, chiropractic, and allied health professions if such applicants submit applications approved by the Secretary under subsection (d). Applicants eligible to obtain funds under subsection (a) shall not include for-profit entities, either directly or through a subcontract or subgrant. "(d) APPLICATIONS.— "(1) SUBMISSION.—In order to receive a grant under subsection (a) an entity shall submit an application to the Secretary. "(2) FORMS.— An application submitted under this subsection shall be in such form, be submitted by such date, and contain such information as the Secretary shall require. "(3) APPLICATIONS.— Applications submitted under this subsection shall— "(A) be jointly submitted by at least two eligible applicants with the express purpose of assisting individuals in academic institutions in establishing long-term collaborative relationships with health care providers in rural areas; "(B) designate a rural health care agency or agencies for clinical treatment or training, including hospitals, community health centers, migrant health centers, rural health clinics, community mental health centers, long-term care facilities, Native Hawaiian health centers, or facilities operated by the Indian Health Service or an Indian tribe or tribal organization or Indian organization under a contract with the Indian Health Service under the Indian Self-Determination Act; and "(C) provide any additional information required by the Secretary. "(e) DEFINITIONS.— For the purposes of this section, the term 'rural' means geographic areas that are located outside of standard metropolitan statistical areas. "(f) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS. — For the purpose of carrying out this section, there is authorized to be appropriated $7,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 1993 through 1995. "PART F—MISCELLANEOUS PROGRAMS "SEC. 781. RESEARCH ON CERTAIN HEALTH PROFESSIONS ISSUES. 42 USC 295. "(a) EDUCATIONAL INDEBTEDNESS.— "(1) IN GENERAL.— Subject to paragraph (2), the Secretary may make grants to and enter into contracts with public and nonprofit private entities for the purpose of conducting research on the extent to which the debt incurred by medical students for attendance at educational institutions has had a detrimental effect on the decisions made by the students on entering primary care specialities. "(2) EVALUATION OF RATE OF INCREASE.—In carrying out paragraph (1), the Secretary shall provide for a determination of the reasons underlying the rate of increase occurring since January 1, 1981, in tuition and fees for attending health professions schools. The Secretary shall ensure that the determination includes the justifications of such schools for such rate.