Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 106 Part 6.djvu/495

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PUBLIC LAW 102-587 —NOV. 4, 1992 106 STAT. 5053 SEC. 2206. RESEARCH TO IMPROVE MANAGEMENT. (a) FLORIDA NATIONAL MARINE SANCTUARY.— Section 7(a) of the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary and Protection Act (16 U.S.C. 1433 note) is amended by striking paragraph (4); by redesignating paragraphs (5) through (8) as paragraphs (6) through (9), respectively; and by inserting after paragraph (3) the following new paragraphs: "(4) identify priority needs for research and amounts needed to— "(A) improve management of the Sanctuary, and in particular, the coral reef ecosystem within the Sanctuary; and "(B) identify clearly the cause and effect relationships between factors threatening the health of the coral reef ecosystem in the Sanctuary; "(5) establish a long-term ecological monitoring program and data base, including methods to disseminate information on the management of the coral reef ecosystem;". (b) DEADLINES NOT AFFECTED. —The amendments made by subsection (a) shall not be construed to modify, by implication or otherwise, the deadlines established under— (1) section 7(a) of the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary and Protection Act regarding completion of the comprehensive management plan and final regulations; or (2) section 8(a) of that Act regarding development of the water quality protection program. SEC. 2207. OLYMPIC COAST NATIONAL MARINE SANCTUARY. 16 USC 1433 No oil or gas leasing or preleasing activity shall be conducted within the area designated as the Olympic Coast National Marine Sanctuary in accordance with Public Law 100-627. SEC. 2208. PROVASOU-GUILLARD CENTER FOR CULTURE OF MARINE PHYTOPLANKTON. (a) FINDINGS. —The Congress finds the following: (1) The oceans cover 70 percent of the surface of the Earth. (2) The foundation of the food webs and fisheries productivity of the oceans rests with microscopic plants known as phytoplankton. (3) Phytoplankton serve as a vital natural resource in the oceans. (4) By serving as primary agents in control of the flux of atmospheric carbon dioxide to the deep ocean, phytoplankton influence climate and the rate of global warming. (5) There is limited knowledge of the biology, physiology, chemistry, and taxonomy of phytoplankton, and it is of vital interest to this Nation to improve the body of knowledge relating to phytoplankton to benefit this Nation and other countries. (6) The Provasoli-Guillard Center for the Culture of Marine Phytoplankton located in West Boothbay Harbor, Maine, houses a phytoplankton collection that contains species from each of the ocean environments of the World, and is recognized as the largest collection of phytoplankton in the World. (7) The Provasoli-Guillard Center for the Culture of Marine Phj^plankton is of vital interest to oceanographers in this Nation and throughout the World, and provides cultures of phytoplankton for critical research on global issues.