Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 110 Part 1.djvu/923

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PUBLIC LAW 104-127—APR. 4, 1996 110 STAT. 899 shall not begin under a contract until the lease held by the tenant ends. (6) An owner or producer described in any preceding paragraph regardless of whether the owner or producer purchased catastrophic risk protection for a 1996 crop under section 508(b) of the Federal Crop Insurance Act (7 U.S.C. 1508(b)). (c) TENANTS AND SHARECROPPERS. —In carrying out this subtitle, the Secretary shall provide adequate safeguards to protect the interests of tenants and sharecroppers. (d) ELIGIBLE CROPLAND DESCRIBED. —Land shall be considered to be cropland eligible for coverage under a contract only if the land has contract acreage attributable to the land and— (1) for at least 1 of the 1991 through 1995 crops, at least a portion of the land was enrolled in the acreage reduction program authorized for a crop of a contract commodity under section lOlB, 103B, 105B, or 107B of the Agricultural Act of 1949 or was considered planted; (2) was subject to a conservation reserve contract under section 1231 of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3831) whose term expired, or was voluntarily terminated, on or after January 1, 1995; or (3) is released from coverage under a conservation reserve contract by the Secretary during the period beginning on January 1, 1995, and ending on the date specified in section 112(a)(2). (e) QUANTITY OF ELIGIBLE CROPLAND COVERED BY CONTRACT.— Subject to subsection (b)(4), an owner or producer may enroll as contract acreage all or a portion of the eligible cropland on the farm. (f) VOLUNTARY REDUCTION IN CONTRACT ACREAGE. —Subject to subsection (b)(4), an owner or producer who enters into a contract may subsequently reduce the quantity of contract acreage covered by the contract. SEC. 112. ELEMENTS OF CONTRACTS. 7 USC 7212. (a) TIME FOR CONTRACTING. — (1) COMMENCEMENT.—To the extent practicable, the Secretary shall commence entering into contracts not later than 45 days after the date of enactment of this title. (2) DEADLINE.—Except as provided in paragraph (3), the Secretary may not enter into a contract after August 1, 1996. (3) CONSERVATION RESERVE LANDS. — (A) IN GENERAL. —At the beginning of each fiscal year, the Secretary shall allow an eligible owner or producer on a farm covered by a conservation reserve contract entered into under section 1231 of the Food Security Act of 1985 (16 U.S.C. 3831) that terminates after the date specified in paragraph (2) to enter into or expand a production flexibility contract to cover the contract acreage of the farm that was subject to the former conservation reserve contract. (B) AMOUNT. — Contract payments made for contract acreage under this paragraph shall be made at the rate and amount applicable to the annual contract payment level for the applicable crop. For the fiscal year in which the conservation reserve contract is terminated, the owner or producer subject to the production flexibility contract