Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 110 Part 3.djvu/423
PUBLIC LAW 104-193—AUG. 22, 1996 110 STAT. 2153 "(g) DATA COLLECTION AND REPORTING.— Section 411 shall apply to an Indian tribe with an approved tribal family assistance plan. "(h) SPECIAL RULE FOR INDIAN TRIBES IN ALASKA. — "(1) IN GENERAL. — Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, and except as provided in paragraph (2), an Indian tribe in the State of Alaska that receives a tribal family assistance grant under this section shall use the grant to operate a program in accordance with requirements comparable to the requirements applicable to the program of the State of Alaska funded under this part. Comparability of programs shall be established on the basis of program criteria developed by the Secretary in consultation with the State of Alaska and such Indian tribes. "(2) WAIVER.— An Indian tribe described in paragraph (1) may apply to the appropriate State authority to receive a waiver of the requirement of paragraph (1). "SEC. 413. RESEARCH, EVALUATIONS, AND NATIONAL STUDIES. 42 USC 613. "(a) RESEARCH.— The Secretary shall conduct research on the benefits, effects, and costs of operating different State programs funded under this part, including time limits relating to eligibility for assistance. The research shall include studies on the effects of different programs and the operation of such programs on welfare dependency, illegitimacy, teen pregnancy, employment rates, child well-being, and any other area the Secretary deems appropriate. The Secretary shall also conduct research on the costs and benefits of State activities under section 409. "(b) DEVELOPMENT AND EVALUATION OF INNOVATIVE APPROACHES TO REDUCING WELFARE DEPENDENCY AND INCREASING CHILD WELL-BEING.— "(1) IN GENERAL. —The Secretary may assist States in developing, and shall evaluate, innovative approaches for reducing welfare dependency and increasing the well-being of minor children living at home with respect to recipients of assistance under programs funded under this peirt. The Secretary may provide funds for training and technical assistance to carry out the approaches developed pursuant to this paragraph. "(2) EVALUATIONS.— In performing the evaluations under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall, to the maximum extent feasible, use random assignment as an evaluation methodology. "(c) DISSEMINATION OF INFORMATION.—The Secretary shall develop innovative methods of disseminating information on any research, evaluations, and studies conducted under this section, including the facilitation of the sharing of information and best practices among States and localities through the use of computers and other technologies. " (d) ANNUAL RANKING OF STATES AND REVIEW OF MOST AND LEAST SUCCESSFUL WORK PROGRAMS.— "(1) ANNUAL RA>rKiNG OF STATES.— The Secretary shall rank guinually the States to which grants are paid under section 403 in the order of their success in placing recipients of assistance under the State program funded under this part into long-term private sector jobs, reducing the overall welfare caseload, and, when a practicable method for calculating this information becomes available, diverting individuals from formally applying to the State program and receiving assistance.