Ill STAT. 2436 PUBLIC LAW 105-118—NOV. 26, 1997 (b) EXCEPTION. —The requirement to withhold funds under subsection (a) shall not apply to funds appropriated in this Act for allocation under section 653(a) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 for development assistance or for humanitarian assistance. (c) WAIVER.— Funds may be provided for a country without regard to subsection (a) if the President determines that to do so is in the national security interest of the United States. WAR CRIMES PROSECUTION SEC. 583. Section 2401 of title 18, United States Code (Public 18 USC 2441. Law 104-192; the War Crimes Act of 1996) is amended as follows— (1) in subsection (a), by striking "grave breach of the Geneva Conventions" and inserting "war crime"; (2) in subsection (b), by striking "breach" each place it appears and inserting "war crime"; and (3) so that subsection (c) reads as follows: "(c) DEFINITION. —As used in this section the term 'war crime' means any conduct— "(1) defined as a grave breach in any of the international conventions signed at Geneva 12 August 1949, or any protocol to such convention to which the United States is a party; "(2) prohibited by Article 23, 25, 27, or 28 of the Annex to the Hague Convention IV, Respecting the Laws and Customs of War on Land, signed 18 October 1907; "(3) which constitutes a violation of common Article 3 of the international conventions signed at Geneva, 12 August 1949, or any protocol to such convention to which the United States is a party and which deals with non-international armed conflict; or "(4) of a person who, in relation to an armed conflict and contrary to the provisions of the Protocol on Prohibitions or Restrictions on the Use of Mines, Booby-Traps and Other Devices as amended at Geneva on 3 May 1996 (Protocol II as amended on 3 May 1996), when the United States is a party to such Protocol, willfully kills or causes serious injury to civilians.". INTERNATIONAL MILITARY EDUCATION AND TRAINING PROGRAMS FOR LATIN AMERICA SEC. 584. (a) EXPANDED IMET.— The Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the Secretary of State, should make every effort to ensure that approximately 30 percent of the funds appropriated in this Act for "International Military Education and Training" for the cost of Latin American participants in IMET programs will be disbursed for the purpose of supporting enrollment of such participants in expanded IMET courses.
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