Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 112 Part 5.djvu/30

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112 STAT. 2788 PUBLIC LAW 105-292—OCT. 27, 1998 Sec. 406. Effects on existing contracts. Sec. 407. Presidential waiver. Sec. 408. Publication in Federal Register. Sec. 409. Termination of Presidential actions. Sec. 410. Preclusion of judicial review. Subtitle II—Strengthening Existing Law Sec. 421. United States assistance. Sec. 422. Multilateral assistance. Sec. 423. Exports of certain items used in particularly severe violations of religious freedom. TITLE V—PROMOTION OF RELIGIOUS FREEDOM Sec. 501. Assistance for promoting religious freedom. Sec. 502. International broadcasting. Sec. 503. International exchanges. Sec. 504. Foreign Service awards. TITLE VI—REFUGEE, ASYLUM, AND CONSULAR MATTERS Sec. 601. Use of Annual Report. Sec. 602. Reform of refugee policy. Sec. 603. Reform of asylum policy. Sec. 604. Inadmissibility of foreign government officials who have engaged in particularly severe violations of religious freedom. Sec. 605. Studies on the effect of expedited removal provisions on asylum claims. TITLE VII—MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS Sec. 701. Business codes of conduct. 22 USC 6401. SEC. 2. FINDINGS; POLICY. (a) FINDINGS. —Congress makes the following findings: (1) The right to freedom of religion undergirds the very origin and existence of the United States. Many of our Nation's founders fled religious persecution abroad, cherishing in their hearts and minds the ideal of religious freedom. They established in law, as a fundamental right and as a pillar of our Nation, the right to freedom of religion. From its birth to this day, the United States has prized this legacy of religious freedom and honored this heritage by standing for religious freedom and offering refuge to those suffering religious persecution. (2) Freedom of religious belief and practice is a universal human right and fundamental freedom articulated in numerous international instruments, including the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, the Helsinki Accords, the Declaration on the Elimination of All Forms of Intolerance and Discrimination Based on Religion or Belief, the United Nations Charter, and the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. (3) Article 18 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights recognizes that "Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience, and religion. This right includes freedom to change his religion or belief, and freedom, either alone or in community with others and in public or private, to manifest his religion or belief in teaching, practice, worship, and observance.". Article 18(1) of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights recognizes that "Everyone shall have the right to freedom of thought, conscience, and religion. This right shall include freedom to have or to adopt a religion or belief of his choice, and freedom, either individually or in community with others and in public or private, to manifest his religion or belief