Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 112 Part 5.djvu/45

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PUBLIC LAW 105-292—OCT. 27, 1998 112 STAT. 2803 (2) DETERMINATIONS OF RESPONSIBLE PARTIES.—For the government of each country designated as a country of particular concern for religious freedom under paragraph (1)(A), the President shall seek to determine the agency or instrumentality thereof and the specific officials thereof that are responsible for the particularly severe violations of religious freedom engaged in or tolerated by that government in order to appropriately target Presidential actions under this section in response. (3) CONGRESSIONAL NOTIFICATION.— Whenever the President designates a country as a country of particular concern for religious freedom under paragraph (1)(A), the President shall, as soon as practicable after the designation is made, transmit to the appropriate congressional committees— (A) the designation of the country, signed by the President; and (B) the identification, if any, of responsible parties determined under paragraph (2). (c) PRESIDENTIAL ACTIONS WITH RESPECT TO COUNTRIES OF PARTICULAR CONCERN FOR RELIGIOUS FREEDOM.— (1) IN GENERAL. — Subject to paragraphs (2), (3), and (4) with respect to each country of particular concern for religious freedom designated under subsection (b)(1)(A), the President shall, after the requirements of sections 403 and 404 have been satisfied, but not later than 90 days (or 180 days in case of a delay under paragraph (3)) after the date of designation of the country under that subsection, carry out one or more of the following actions under subpsiragraph (A) or subparagraph (B): (A) PRESIDENTIAL ACTIONS.— One or more of the Presidential actions described in paragraphs (9) through (15) of section 405(a), as determined by the President. (B) COMMENSURATE ACTIONS. — Commensurate action in substitution to any action described in subparagraph (A). (2) SUBSTITUTION OF BINDING AGREEMENTS.— (A) IN GENERAL.—In lieu of canning out action under paragraph (1), the President may conclude a binding agreement with the respective foreign government as described in section 405(c). The existence of a binding agreement under this paragraph with a foreign government may be considered by the President prior to making any determination or taking any action under this title. (B) STATUTORY CONSTRUCTION.— Nothing in this paragraph may be construed to authorize the entry of the United States into an agreement covering matters outside the scope of violations of religious freedom. (3) AUTHORITY FOR DELAY OF PRESIDENTIAL ACTIONS. —If, on or before the date that the President is required (but for this paragraph) to take action \inder paragraph (1), the President determines and certifies to Congress that a single, additional period of time not to exceed 90 days is necessary— (A) for a continuation of negotiations that have been commenced with the government of that country to bring about a cessation of the violations by the foreign country;