Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 112 Part 5.djvu/52

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112 STAT. 2810 PUBLIC LAW 105-292—OCT. 27, 1998 (b) IMPLEMENTATION OF PROHIBITION ON MILITARY ASSIST- ANCE.—Section 502B(a) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2304(a)) is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph: "(4) In determining whether the government of a country engages in a consistent pattern of gross violations of internationaly recognized human rights, the President shall give particular consideration to whether the government— "(A) has engaged in or tolerated particularly severe violations of religious freedom, as defined in section 3 of the International Religious Freedom Act of 1998; or "(B) has failed to undertake serious and sustained efforts to combat particularly severe violations of religious freedom when such efforts could have been reasonably undertaken.". SEC. 422. MULTILATERAL ASSISTANCE. Section 701 of the International Financial Institutions Act (22 U.S.C. 262d) is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection: "(g) In determining whether the government of a country engages in a pattern of gross violations of internationaly recognized human rights, as described in subsection (a), the President shall give particular consideration to whether a foreign government— "(1) has engaged in or tolerated particularly severe violations of religious freedom, as defined in section 3 of the International Religious Freedom Act of 1998; or "(2) has failed to vmdertake serious and sustained efforts to combat particularly severe violations of religious freedom when such efforts could have been reasonably undertaken.". 22 USC 646L SEC. 423. EXPORTS OF CERTAIN ITEMS USED IN PARTICULARLY SEVERE VIOLATIONS OF RELIGIOUS FREEDOM. (a) MANDATORY LICENSING.— Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Secretary of Commerce, with the concurrence of the Secretary of State, shall include on the list of crime control and detection instruments or equipment controlled for export and reexport under section 6(n) of the Export Administration Act of 1979 (22 U.S.C. App. 2405(n)), or under any other provision of law, items being exported or reexported to countries of particular concern for rehgious freedom that the Secretary of Commerce, with the concurrence of the Secretary of State, and in consultation with appropriate officials including the Assistant Secretary of State for Democracy, Human Rights and Labor and the Ambassador at Large, determines are being used or are intended for use directly and in significant measure to carry out particularly severe violations of religious freedom. (b) LICENSING BAN.— The prohibition on the issuance of a license for export of crime control and detection instruments or equipment under section 502B(a)(2) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2304(a)(2)) shall apply to the export and reexport of any item included pursuant to subsection (a) on the list of crime control instruments.