Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 112 Part 5.djvu/833

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PUBLIC LAW 105-392—NOV. 13, 1998 112 STAT. 3591 (c) EFFECTIVE DATE.— This section is deemed to have taken effect immediately after the enactment of Public Law 103-43. SEC. 417. AIDS DRUG ASSISTANCE PROGRAM. Section 2618(b)(3) of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 300ff-28(b)(3)) is amended— (1) in subparagraph (A), by striking "and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico" and inserting ", the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, and Guam"; and (2) in subparagraph (B), by striking "the Virgin Islands, Guam". SEC. 418. NATIONAL FOUNDATION FOR BIOMEDICAL RESEARCH. Part I of title IV of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 290b et seq.) is amended— (1) by striking the part heading and inserting the following: "PART I—FOUNDATION FOR THE NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH"; and (2) in section 499— (A) in subsection (a), by striking "National Foundation for Biomedical Research" and inserting "Foundation for the National Institutes of Health"; (B) in subsection (k)( 10)— (i) by striking "not"; and (ii) by adding at the end the following: "Any funds transferred under this paragraph shall be subject to all Federal limitations relating to federally-funded research."; and (C) in subsection (m)(l), by striking "$200,000" and all that follows through "1995" and inserting "$500,000 for each fiscal year". SEC. 419. FETAL ALCOHOL SYNDROME PREVENTION AND SERVICES. (a) SHORT TITLE.— This section may be cited as the "Fetal Alcohol Syndrome and Fetal Alcohol Effect Prevention and Services Act". (b) FINDINGS.— Congress finds that— (1) Fetal Alcohol Syndrome is the leading preventable cause of mental retardation, and it is 100 percent preventable; (2) estimates on the number of children each year vary, but according to some researchers, up to 12,000 infants are born in the United States with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome, suffering irreversible physical and mental damage; (3) thousands more infants are born each year with Fetal Alcohol Effect, also known as Alcohol Related Neurobehavioral Disorder (ARND), a related and equally tragic syndrome; (4) children of women who use alcohol while pregnant have a significantly higher infant mortality rate (13.3 per 1,000) than children of those women who do not use alcohol (8.6 per 1,000); (5) Fetal Alcohol Syndrome and Fetal Alcohol Effect are national problems which can impact any child, family, or community, but their threat to American Indians and Alaska Natives is especially alarming; 42 USC 238f note. 42 USC 290b. Fetal Alcohol Syndrome and Fetal Alcohol EfTect Prevention and Services Act. 42 USC 201 note. 42 USC 280f note. 59-194O-98 -27:QL3Part5