Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 114 Part 4.djvu/299
PUBLIC LAW 106-509—NOV. 13, 2000 114 STAT. 2361 Public Law 106-509 106th Congress An Act To amend the National Trails System Act to designate the Ala Kahakai Trail as a National Historic Trail. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE. This Act may be cited as the "Ala Kahakai National Historic Trail Act". SEC. 2. FINDINGS. Congress finds that— (1) the Ala Kahakai (Trail by the Sea) is an important part of the ancient trail known as the "Ala Loa" (the long trail), which circumscribes the island of Hawaii; (2) the Ala Loa was the major land route connecting 600 or more communities of the island kingdom of Hawaii from 1400 to 1700; (3) the trail is associated with many prehistoric and historic housing areas of the island of Hawaii, nearly all the royal centers, and most of the major temples of the island; (4) the use of the Ala Loa is also associated with many rulers of the kingdom of Hawaii, with battlefields and the movement of armies during their reigns, and with annual taxation; (5) the use of the trail played a significant part in events that affected Hawaiian history and culture, including— (A) Captain Cook's landing and subsequent death in 1779; (B) Kamehameha Fs rise to power and consolidation of the Hawaiian Islands under monarchical rule; and (C) the death of Kamehameha in 1819, followed by the overthrow of the ancient religious system, the Kapu, and the arrival of the first western missionaries in 1820; and (6) the trail— (A) was used throughout the 19th and 20th centuries and continues in use today; and (B) contains a variety of significant cultural and natural resources. SEC. 3. AUTHORIZATION AND ADMINISTRATION. Section 5(a) of the National Trails System Act (16 U.S.C. 1244(a)) is amended— Nov. 13, 2000 [S. 700] Ala Kahakai National Historic Trail Act. 16 USC 1241 note. Hawaii.