Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 116 Part 2.djvu/642

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116 STAT. 1424 PUBLIC LAW 107-228—SEPT. 30, 2002 22 USC 2291J-1. SEC. 706. INTERNATIONAL DRUG CONTROL CERTIFICATION PROCE- DURES. During any fiscal year, funds that would otherwise be withheld from obligation or expenditure under section 490 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 may be obligated or expended beginning October 1 of such fiscal year provided that: Deadline. (1) REPORT.—Not later than September 15 of the previous President. fiscal year the President has submitted to the appropriate congressional committees a report identifying each country determined by the President to be a major drug transit country or major illicit drug producing country as defined in section 481(e) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961. (2) DESIGNATION AND JUSTIFICATION.—In each report under paragraph (1), the President shall also— (A) designate each country, if any, identified in such report that has failed demonstrably, during the previous 12 months, to make substantial efforts— (i) to adhere to its obligations under international countemarcotics agreements; and (ii) to take the countemarcotics measures set forth in section 489(a)(1) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961; and (B) include a justification for each country so designated. (3) LIMITATION ON ASSISTANCE FOR DESIGNATED COUN- TRIES. — In the case of a country identified in a report under paragraph (1) that is also designated under paragraph (2) in the report, United States assistance may be provided to such country in the subsequent fiscal year only if the President determines and reports to the appropriate congressional committees that— (A) provision of such assistance to the country in such fiscal year is vital to the national interests of the United States; or (B) subsequent to the designation being made under paragraph (2)(A), the country has made substantial efforts— (i) to adhere to its obligations under international countemarcotics agreements; and (ii) to take the countemarcotics measures set forth in section 489(a)(1) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 196 L (4) INTERNATIONAL COUNTERNARCOTICS AGREEMENT DEFINED.— In this section, the term "international counternarcotics agreement" means— (A) the United Nations Convention Against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances; or (B) any bilateral or multilateral agreement in force between the United States and another country or countries that addresses issues relating to the control of illicit drugs, such as— (i) the production, distribution, and interdiction of illicit drugs; (ii) demand reduction; (iii) the activities of criminal organizations;