116 STAT. 2740 PUBLIC LAW 107-314—DEC. 2, 2002 the protection, control, and accounting of materials usable in radiological dispersal devices. In establishing such program, the Secretary shall— (1) identify the sites and radiological materials to be covered by such program; (2) carry out a risk assessment of such radiological materials; and (3) identify and establish the costs of and schedules for such program. (b) REVISED FOCUS FOR MATERIALS PROTECTION, CONTROL, AND ACCOUNTING PROGRAM OF RUSSIAN FEDERATION. — (1) The Secretary of Energy shall work cooperatively with the Russian Federation to develop, as soon as practicable but not later than January 1, 2013, a sustainable nuclear materials protection, control, and accounting system for the nuclear materials of the Russian Federation that is supported solely by the Russian Federation. (2) The Secretary shall work with the Russian Federation to identify various alternatives to provide the United States adequate transparency in the nuclear materials protection, control, and accounting program of the Russian Federation to assure that such program is meeting applicable goals for nuclear materials protection, control, and accounting. (c) AMOUNT FOR ACTIVITIES. —Of the amount authorized to be appropriated by section 3101(a)(2) for the Department of Energy for the National Nuclear Security Administration for defense nuclear nonproliferation, up to $5,000,000 may be available for carrying out this section. 22 USC 5952 SEC. 3157. ACCELERATED DISPOSITION OF HIGHLY ENRICHED URA- note. NIUM. (a) PROGRAM ON ACCELERATED DISPOSITION OF HEU AUTHOR- IZED.— XI) The Secretary of Energy may carry out a program to pursue with the Russian Federation options for blending highly enriched uranium so that the concentration of U-235 in such uranium is below 20 percent. (2) The options pursued under paragraph (1) shall include expansion of the Material Consolidation and Conversion program of the Department of Energy to include— (A) additional facilities for the blending of highly enriched uranium; and (B) additional centralized secure storage facilities for highly enriched uranium designated for blending. (3) Any site selected for the storage of uranium or blended material under paragraph (2)(B) shall undergo complete materials protection, control, and accounting upgrades before the commencement of the storage of uranium or blended material at such site under the program. (b) CONSTRUCTION WITH HEU DISPOSITION AGREEMENT. — Nothing in this section may be construed as terminating, modifjang, or otherwise affecting requirements for the disposition of highly enriched uranium under the Agreement Between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Russian Federation Concerning the Disposition of Highly Enriched Uranium Extracted from Nuclear Weapons, signed at Washington on February 18, 1993.
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