Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 121.djvu/1713

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[121 STAT. 1692]
[121 STAT. 1692]
PUBLIC LAW 110-000—MMMM. DD, 2007

121 STAT. 1692

PUBLIC LAW 110–140—DEC. 19, 2007

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(2) SCOPE.—The demonstrations shall— (A) be regionally diversified; and (B) expand on the existing technology demonstration program of the Department. (3) STAKEHOLDERS.—In carrying out the demonstrations, the Secretary shall, to the maximum extent practicable, include the participation of a range of stakeholders, including— (A) rural electric cooperatives; (B) investor owned utilities; (C) municipally owned electric utilities; (D) energy storage systems manufacturers; (E) electric drive vehicle manufacturers; (F) the renewable energy production industry; (G) State or local energy offices; (H) the fuel cell industry; and (I) institutions of higher education. (4) OBJECTIVES.—Each of the demonstrations shall include 1 or more of the following: (A) Energy storage to improve the feasibility of microgrids or islanding, or transmission and distribution capability, to improve reliability in rural areas. (B) Integration of an energy storage system with a self-healing grid. (C) Use of energy storage to improve security to emergency response infrastructure and ensure availability of emergency backup power for consumers. (D) Integration with a renewable energy production source, at the source or away from the source. (E) Use of energy storage to provide ancillary services, such as spinning reserve services, for grid management. (F) Advancement of power conversion systems to make the systems smarter, more efficient, able to communicate with other inverters, and able to control voltage. (G) Use of energy storage to optimize transmission and distribution operation and power quality, which could address overloaded lines and maintenance of transformers and substations. (H) Use of advanced energy storage for peak load management of homes, businesses, and the grid. (I) Use of energy storage devices to store energy during nonpeak generation periods to make better use of existing grid assets. (j) VEHICLE ENERGY STORAGE DEMONSTRATION.— (1) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary shall carry out a program of electric drive vehicle energy storage technology demonstrations. (2) CONSORTIA.—The technology demonstrations shall be conducted through consortia, which may include— (A) energy storage systems manufacturers and suppliers of the manufacturers; (B) electric drive vehicle manufacturers; (C) rural electric cooperatives; (D) investor owned utilities; (E) municipal and rural electric utilities; (F) State and local governments; (G) metropolitan transportation authorities; and (H) institutions of higher education.

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