CHINA, 1844. 119 ranged by the parties, the question may, within twenty- four hours, and not afterwards, be referred to the said Consul to adjust with the superintendent of customs. Anrionm XII. Sets of standard balances, and also weights and measures, duly pre- S.“*“d*'·'d° °f pared, stamped, and sealed, according to the standard of the custom- "°'gb°° “"d '“°°°' house at Canton, shall be delivered by the superintendents of customs mw to the Consuls at each of the five ports, to secure uniformity, and prevent confusion in measures and weights of merchandise. Anrronn XIII., The tonnage duty on vessels belonging to citizens of the United States P•¥¤¤¤¤* af l>°¤· shall be paid on their being admitted to entry. Duties of import shall §‘}$° ““d °°h°' he paid on the discharge of the goods, and duties of export on the lading ° `"' of the same. When all such duties shall have been paid, and not before, the superintendent of customs shall give a portclearance, and the Consul shall return the ship’s papers, so that she may depart on her voyage. The duties shall be paid to the shroffs authorized by the Chinese Government to receive the same in its behalf. Duties payable by merchants of the United States shall be received either in sycee silver or in foreign money, at the rate of exchange as ascertained by the regulations now in lorce. And imported goods, on their resale or transit in any part of the empire, shall be subject to the imposition of no other duty than they are accustomed to pay at the date of this treaty. Arrrrcnn XIV. No goods on board of any merchant vessel of the United States in '1‘r¤¤¤l¤i1>¤¤¤¤¤ af port are to be transhipped to another_ vessel, unless there be particular g?°d'· occasion therefor; in which case, the occasion shall be certified by the Consul to the superintendent of customs, who may appoint officers to examine into the facts, and permit the traushipment. And if any goods be transhipped without such application, inquiry, and permit, they shall be subject to be forfeited to the Chinese Government. Aacriomn XV. The former limitation of the trade of foreign nations to certain per- Liberty of trade. sons appointed at Canton by the Government, and commonly called hongmerchants, having been abolished, citizens of the United States engaged in the purchase or sale of goods of import or export, are admitted to trade with any and all subjects of China without distinction ; they shall not be subject to any new limitations, nor impeded in their bu ‘ness by monopolies or other injurious restrictions. Anrrcmi XVI. The Chinese Government will not hold itself responsible for any debts 0¤U¤¤fi<>¤ ¤f which may happen to be due from subjects of China to the citizens of d°b°"* the United States, or for frauds committed by them; but citizens of the United States may seek redress in law; and on suitable representation being made to the Chinese local authorities through the Consul, they will cause due examination in the premises, and take all proper steps to compel satisfaction. But in case the debtor be dead, or without property, or have absconded, the creditor cannot be indemnified according to the old system of the co-hong, so called. And il' citizens of the United States be indebted to subjects of China, the latter may seek redress in the same way through the Consul, but without any responsibility for the debt on the part of the United States.
Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 18 Part 2c.djvu/126
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