Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 18 Part 2c.djvu/137

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130 PUBLIC TREATIES. Anrxcrnr IV. · rto tuate friendshi the Minister or Commissioner,

if   orlgherhighggzlihplorliigltlig representativeldf the United States of America

in China, shall at all times have the right to correspond on`terms of perfect equality and coniideuce with the officers of the Privy Council at the capital, or with the Governors·General of the_Two Kwan gs, the provinces of Fuhkien and Chehkiang or of the_Two Kmngs; and whenever he· desires to have such correspondence with the Privy Council at the capital he shallhave the right to send it through either of the_sa1d Governors- General or by the general post; and all such communications shal1_bc sent under seal, which shall be most carefully respected. _ The Privy Council and Governors-General, as the case may be, shall in all cases consider and acknowledge such communications promptly and respect fully. Anmonn V. Visits to the The Minister of the United States of America in China. whenever he ¢¤1>if¤i· has business, shall have the right to visit and sojourn at the capital of His Majesty the Emperor of China, and there confer with a member of the Privy Council, or any other high officer of equal rank deputed for that purpose, on matters of common interest and advantage. His visits shall not exceed one in each year, and he shall complete his business without unnecessary delay. He shall be allowed to go by land or come to the mouth of the Peiho, into which he shall not bring ships of war, and he shall inform the authorities at that place in order that boats may be provided for him to go on his journey. He is not to take advantage of this stipulation to request visits to the capital on trivial occasions. Whenever he means to proceed to the capital, he shall communicate, in writing, his intention to the Board of Bites at the capital, and thereupon the said Board shall give the necessary directions to facilitate his journey and give him necessary protection and respect on ltesidence a n d his way. On his arrival at the capital he shall be furnished with a suit- ¤¤¤*¤ able residence prepared for him, and he shall defray his own expenses; and his entire suite shall not exceed twenty persons, exclusive of his Chinese attendants, none of whom shall-be engaged in trade. Anrromt VI. Resin en ce at If at any time His Majesty the Emperor of China shall, by treaty vol- ¤¤1•i¤¤· untarily made, or for any other reason, permit the representative of any lriendly nation to reside at his capital for a long or short time, then, without any further consultation or express permission, the representative of the`United States in China shall have the same privilege. Amrcm VII. Odlcial corre- The superior authorities of the United States and of China, in corre- ¤1=¤¤*J¢¤¤¤· spending together, shall do so on terms of equality and in form of mutual communication, (chan-hwui.) The Consuls and the local officers, civil and military, in corresponding together, shall likewise employ the style and form of mutual communication, (chau-hwui.) When inferior omcers of the one Government address superior otllcers of the other, they shall do som the style and form of memorial, (chin-chin.) Private individuals, iu_addressing superior officers, shall employ the style of petition, Pmcms not to (pmchmg.) In_no case shall any terms or style be used or sudered which be ,,c,mud°d_ shall beoifensive ordisrespectiul to either party. And it is agreed that no presents, under any pretext or form whatever, shall ever be demanded of the United States by China, or of China by the United States.