446 PUBLIC TREATIES. J A P A N . JAPAN, 1854. March 31, 1854. TREATY OF PEACE AND AMITY BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES OF AMER- iw ICA AND THE EMPIRE OF JAPAN, CONCLUDED AT KANAGAWA MARCH 31, 1854; RATIFIOATION ADVISED BY SENATE JULY 15 1854; RATIFLED BY PRESIDENT AUGUST 1 1854; RATIFICATIONS EXCHANGED AT SIMODA FEBRUARY 21, 1855; PROCLAIMED JUNE 22, 1855. [This treaty was revoked in part by Article XII, treaty of 1858.] Contracting par- The United States of America and the Empire of Japan, desiring to
- i¤¤- establish Grm, lasting, and sincere friendship between the two nations,
have resolved to fix, in a manner clear and positive, by means of a treaty or general convention of peace and amity, the rules which shall in thture be mutually observed in the intercourse of their respective Negotiators. countries; for which most desirable object the President of the United States has conferred full powers on his Commissioner, Matthew Calbraith Perry, Special Ambassador of the United States to Japan, and the August Sovereign of Japan has given similar full powers to his Commissioners, Hayashi, Dai-gaku-no-kami; Ido, Prince of Tsus-Sima; Izawa, Prince of Mima-saki ; and Udono, Member of the Board of Bevenue. And the said Commissioners, after having exchanged their said full powers, and duly considered the premises, have agreed to the following articles: Anrrcnn I. Peace and umity. There shall be a perfect, permanent, and universal peace and a sincere and cordial amity between the United States of America on the one part, and the Empire of Japan on the other part, and between their people respectively, without exception of persons or places. ARTICLE II. Pom or Simodn. The port of Simoda, in the principality of Idzu, and the port of Hako- ¤¤d H¤k°d¤d¤· dade, in the principality of Matsmai, are granted by the Japanese as ports for the reception of American ships, where they can be supplied with wood, water, provisions, and coal, and other articles their necessities may- require, as far as the Japanese have them. The time for opening the first-named port is immediately on signing this treaty ; the lastnamed port is to be opened immediately after the same day in the ensuing Japanese year. - N0r1:.—A tariif of prices shall be given by the Japanese omcers of the thingswhich they can furnish, payment for which shall be made in gold and silver coin. · Anrrcrn III. Snipwreeked vu- Whenever ships of the United States are thrown or wrecked on the ¤¤l¤· coast of J npan, the Japanese vessels will assist them, and carry their crews to Simoda, or Hakodade, and hand them over to their country- men, appointed to receive them; whatever articles the shipwrecked men may have preserved shall likewise be restored, and the expenses incurred in the rescue and support of Americans and Japanese who may tlhiés be thrown upon the shores of either nation are not to be rciun c .