Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 2.djvu/402

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366 NINTH CONGRESS. Sess. I. Ch. 20. 1806. Pm0n, imag. brings provisions or other necessaries to the camp, garrison, or quarters, me pr<>vi¤i¤¤¤- of the forces of the United States, employed in any parts out of the said states, upon pain of death, or such other punishment as a court martial shall direct. Mi.-ibeiiaviom Article 52. Any officer or soldier, who shall misbehave himself before l>¤l'<>¤’¤ the we- the enemy, run away, or shamefully abandon any fort, post, or guard, ml" which he or they may be commanded to defend, or speak words inducing ca,,,;,,,, awa,. others to do the like; or shall cast away his arms and ammunition, or arms. who shall quit his post or colours to plunder and pillage, every such Pltmden offender, being duly convicted thereof, shall suffer death, or such other punishmentas shall be ordered by the sentence of a general court martial. M¤kl¤z k¤<>w¤ Article 53. Any person belonging to the armies of the United States, uw “'“°°l“”°*d‘ who shall make known the watchword to any person who is not entitled to receive it, according to the rules and discipline of war, or shall presume to give a parole or watchword, different from what he received, shall suffer death, or such other punishment as shall be ordered by the sentence of a general court martial. Behaviour cu Article 54. All officers and soldiers are to behave themselves orderly ““·’°h· in quarters, and on their march; and whosoever shall commit any waste or spoil, either in walks of trees, parks, warrens, fish ponds, houses, or gardens, cornfields, enclosures of meadows, or shall maliciously destroy any property whatsoever, belonging to the inhabitants of the United States, unless by order of the then commander in chief of the armies of the said states, shall (besides such penalties as they are liable to by law) be punished according to the nature and degree of the offence, by the judgment of a regimental or general court martial. pc,-cing a sara Article 55. Whosoever, belonging to the armies of the United States, B¤¤¤d· · employed in foreign parts, shall force a safe guard, shall suffer death. Relieving or Article 56. Whosoever shall relieve the enemy with money, victuals, ¤¤¤*Sll¤s¤l1¢¤¤· or ammunition, or shall knowingly harbor or protect an enemy, shall °my' suffer death, or such other punishment as shall be ordered by the sentence of a court martial. Correspon. Article 57. Whosoever shall be convicted of holding correspondence d°“°€ with 0** with or giving intelligence to the enemy either directly or indirectly, °°°my' shull suffer death or such other punishment as shall be ordered by the sentence of a court martial. All public Article 58. All public stores taken in the enemy’s camp, towns, forts, stores taken in or magazines, whether of artillery, ammunition, clothing, forage or pro-

 °Q0°Q;"w_ visions, shall be secured for the service of the United States; for the

cureld. neglect of which the commanding officer is to be answerable. Compelling Article 59. If any commander of any garrison, fortress, or post, shall

hfoj‘;'g°;‘l1"' °f be compelled, by the officers and soldiers under his command, to give

’ up to the enemy, or to abandon it, the commissioned officers, non-commissioned officers, or soldiers, who shall be convicted of having so offended, shall suffer death, or such other punishment as shall be indicted upon them by the sentence of a court martial. s,,;;],,,,;,,],,., Article 60. All suttlers and retainers to the camp, and all persons ¤¤l>j¢¤t ¢¤ M- whatsoever, serving with the armies of the United States in the field, dm' though not enlisted soldiers, are to be subject to orders, according to the rules and discipline of war. Rank of Article 61. Officers having brevets, or commissions, of a prior date l"°V°*“· to those of the regiment in which they serve, may take place in courts martial and on detachments, when composed of different corps, according to the ranks given them in their brevets, or dates of their former commissions; but in the regiment, troop, or company, to which such oflicers belong, they shall do duty and take rank, both in courts martial and on detachments, which shall be composed only of their own corps, according to the commissions by which they are mustered in the said corps.