SIXTH CONGRESS. Sess. I. Ch. 12. 1800. ll defeat any seizure, or prosecution for a forfeiture incurred under this act, and during the continuance thereof. Approved, February 27, 1800. —-—-·-—- S·rA·ru·r1·: I. CHAP. XII.-dn Act providing for the second Census or enumeration of the In- Feb. 28, 1800. fzatzitants of the United States.(a) Section l. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives Marshals of of the Yhtited States of America in Congress assembled, That the mar- the districts and shals of the several districts of the United States and the secretaries of jggiigggficgio the territory of the United States northwest of the river Ohio, and of cause an anu. the Mississippi territory, respectively, shall be, and they are hereby meration to he authorized and required, under the direction of the Secretary of State, taken' and according to such instructions as he shall give pursuant to this act, to cause the number of the inhabitants within their respective districts and territories to be taken; omitting in such enumeration, Indians not Indians not taxed, and distinguishing free persons, including those bound to service *°"°d “°* j° be for a term of years from all others ; distinguishing also the sexes and co- lmumcmc ' lours of free persons and the free males under ten years of age; those of ten years and under sixteen; those of sixteen and under twenty-six; those of twenty-six and under forty-five ; those of forty-five and upwards: and distinguishing free females under ten years of age; those of ten years and under sixteen; those of sixteen and under twenty-six ; those of twenty-six and under forty-five g those of forty-five and upwards: for effecting which purpose, the marshals and secretaries aforesaid shall have power to appoint as many assistants within their respective districts and They may ap. territories, as aforesaid, as to them shall appear necessary; assigning to P°l”* “”i°*°“*S· each assistant a certain division of his district or territory, which divi~ sion shall consist of one or more counties, cities, towns, townships, hundreds or parishes, or of a territory plainly and distinctly bounded by water-courses, mountains or public roads. The marshals or secretaries, as the case may be, and their assistants, shall, respectively, take an oath or affirmation, before some judge or justice of the peace, resiclentwithin their respective districts or territories, previous to their entering on the discharge of the duties by this act required. The oath or aflirmation of Oath to be the marshal or secretary shall be,-" I, A. B., marshal of the district of tgkgn by the (or secretary of the territory of as the mmh=¤l¤,¤<=crqcase may be), do solemnly swear or aiiirm, that I will well and truly Egzzzlgi th"' cause to be made, a just and perfect enumeration and description of all ` persons resident within my district or territory, and return the same to the Secretary of State, agreeably to the directions of an act of Congress, intituled ‘ an act providing for the enumeration of the inhabitants of the United States,' according to the best of my ability." The oath or affirmation of an assistant shall be,-" I, A. B., do solemnly swear, (or aiiirm) 1800, eh. 2a. thatI will make a just and perfect enumeration and description of all persons resident within the division assigned to me by the marshal of the district of (or the secretary of the territory of as the case may be), and make due return thereof to the said marshal, or secretary, agreeably to the directions of an act of Congress, intituled ‘ an act providing for the enumeration of the inhabitants of the United Statesj according to the best of my abilities." The enumeration shall Commencecommence on the first Monday of August next, and shall close within 2*;* and °l°S° nine calendar months thereafter. The several assistants shall, within SOLE °°“m°"` the said nine months, transmit to the marshal or secretaries, by whom Assistants to they shall be respectively appointed, accurate returns of all persons, ex- make ”°*“m¤· cept Indians not taxed, within their respective divisions; which returns shall be made in a schedule, distinguishing in each county, parish, town- (a) See note to act of March 1, l790, chap. 22, Vol. i. lOl.
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