P U B L I C LAW 953-AUG. 3, 1956
Public Law 953
[70 S T A T.
AN ACT To provide for the payment and collection of wages in the District of Columbia.
August 3, 1956 [S. 938]
^^ *^ enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the ' United States of America in Congress assembled, DETINITIONS
Whenever used in this Act, (a) "employer" includes every individual, partnership, firm, association, corporation, the legal representative of a deceased individual, or the receiver, trustee, or successor of an individual, firm, partnership, association, or corporation, employing any person in the District of Columbia: Provided, That the word "employer" shall not include the Government of the United States, the government of the District of Columbia, or any agency of either of said governments, or any employer subject to the Railway Labor Act. (b) "Employee" shall include any person suffered or permitted to work by an employer except any person employed in a bona fide executive, administrative, or professional capacity (as such terms are defined and delimited by regulations promulgated by the Commissioners of the District of Columbia). (c) "Wages" mean monetary compensation after lawful deductions, owed by an employer for labor or services rendered, whether the amount is determined on a time, task, piece, commission, or other basis of calculation. (d) "Commissioners" means the Commissioners of the District of Columbia or their designated agent or agents. (e) "Working day" means any day exclusive of Saturdays, Sundays, or legal holidays. SEMIMONTHLY PAYDAY
SEC. 2. Every employer shall pay all wages earned to his employees at least twice during each calendar month, on regular paydays designated in advance by the employer: Provided, however, That an interval of not more than ten working days may elapse between the end of the pay period covered and the regular payday designated by the employer, except where a different period is specified in a collective agreement between an employer ana a bona fide labor organization: Provided further. That where, by contract or custom, an employer has paid wages at least once each calendar month, he may lawfully continue to do so. Wages shall be paid on designated paydays in lawful money of the United States, or checks on banks payable upon demand by the bank upon which drawn. EMPLOYEES WHO ARE SEPARATED FROM THE PAYROLL BEFORE A REGULAR PAYDAY
SEC. 3. Unless otherwise specified in a collective agreement between an employer and a bona fide union representing his employees— (a) Whenever an employer discharges an employee, the employer shall pay the employee's wages earned not later than the working day following such discharge: Provided, however, That in the instance of an employee who is responsible for monies belonging to the employer, the employer shall be allowed a period of four days from