Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 77.djvu/590

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[77 STAT. 558]
[77 STAT. 558]
PUBLIC LAW 88-000—MMMM. DD, 1963

558

PUBLIC LAW 88-241-DEC. 23, 1963

[77 SIAT.

§ 16-702. Inf ormation, prosecution by Prosecutions in the criminal division of the District of Columbia Court of General Sessions shall be by information by the proper prosecuting officer. §16-703. Process of criminal division; fees (a) The criminal division of the District of Columbia Court of General Sessions may issue process for the arrest of persons against whom an information is filed or complaint under oath is made. (b) Process shall: (1) be under the seal of the court; (2) bear teste in the name of a judge of the court; and (3) be signed by the clerk. (c) In cases arising out of violations of any of the ordinances or laws of the District, process shall be directed to the Chief of Police, who shall execute the process and make return thereof in like manner as in other cases. (d) In criminal cases cognizable in the United States District Court for the District of Columbia the process issued by the Court of General Sessions shall be directed to the United States marshal, except . in cases of emergency, when it may be directed to the Chief of Police. (e) For services pursuant to subsection (d) of this section the marshal shall receive the fees prescribed by section 15-709 (b)(2). § 16-704. Bail; collateral security (a) A person charged with an offense triable in the criminal division of the Court of General Sessions may give security for his appearance for trial or for further hearing, either by giving bond to the satisfaction of the court or by depositing money as collateral security with the appropriate officer at the court or the station keeper of the police precinct within which he is apprehended. When a sum of money is deposited as collateral security as provided by this section it shall remain, in contemplation of law, the property of the persoii depositing it until duly forfeited by the court. When forfeited, it shall be, in contemplation of law, the property of the United States of America or of the District of Columbia, according as the charge against the person depositing it is instituted on behalf of the United States or of the District. Every person receiving any sum of money deposited as provided by this section shall be deemed in law the agent of the person depositing it or of the United States or the District, as the case may be, for all purposes of properly preserving and accounting for money. (b) This section does not affect the ultimate rights under existing law of the Washington Humane Society of the District of Columbia, in or to any forfeitures collected in the criminal division of the Court of General Sessions. § 16-705. Jury trial; trial by court (a) In a criminal prosecution within the jurisdiction of the Court of General Sessions in which, according to the Constitution of the United States, the accused would be entitled to a jury trial, the trial shall be by jury, unless the accused in open court expressly waives trial by jury and requests to be tried by the judge. In the latter case, the trial shall be by the judge, and the judgment and sentence shall have the same force and effect in all respects as if they had been entered and pronounced upon the verdict of a jury. (b)^ In any case where the accused would not by force of the Constitution of the United States be entitled to a trial by jury, the trial shall be by the court without a jury, unless it is a case wherein the fine or penalty may be more than $300, or imprisonment as punishment