PUBLIC LAW 93-415-SEPT. 7, 1974
communities inundated, and significantly endangering the young people who are without resources and live on the street; (2) the exact nature of the problem is not well defined because national statistics on the size and profile of the runaway youth population are not tabulated; (3) many such young people, because of their age and situation, are urgently in need of temporary shelter and counseling services; (4) the problem of locating, detaining, and returning runaway children should not be the responsibility of already overburdened police departments and juvenile justice authorities; and (5) in view of the interstate nature of the problem, it is the responsibility of the Federal Government to develop accurate reporting of the problem nationally and to develop an effective system of temporary care outside the law enforcement structure. RULES 42 USC 5702.
SEC. 303. The Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare (hereinafter referred to as the "Secretary") may prescribe such rules as he considers necessary or appropriate to carry out the purposes of this title. PART A—GRANTS PROGRAM PURPOSES o r
Localities and nonprofit agen-
^^^ rpj^ Secretary is siuthorized to make grants and to provide •
cies, assistance, tcchuical assistance to localities and nonprotit private agencies m 42 USC 5711. accordance with the provisions of this part. Grants under this part shall be made for the purpose of developing local facilities to deal primarily with the immediate needs of runaway youth in a manner which is outside the law enforcement structure and juvenile justice sj^stem. The size of such grant shall be determined by the number of runaway youth in the community and the existing availability of services. Among applicants priority shall be given to private organizations or institutions which have'had past experience in dealing with runaway youth. ELIGIBILITY 42 USC 5712. gj,^ gT|^2, (a) To bc eligible for assistance under this part, an applicant shall propose to establish, strengthen, or fund an existing or proposed runaway house, a locally controlled facility providing temporary shelter, and counseling services to juveniles who have left home without permission of their parents or guardians. (b) I n order to qualify for assistance under this part, an applicant shall submit a plan to the Secretary meeting the following requirere^n^rZZt^r^^' ^^^^^ ^^^ iucluding the following information. Each house— (1) shall be located in an area which is demonstrably frequented by or easily reachable by runaway youth; (2) shall have a maximum capacity of no more than twenty children, with a ratio of staff to children of sufficient portion to assure adequate supervision and treatment; (3) shall develop adequate plans for contacting the child's parents or relatives (if such action is required by State law) and assuring the safe return of the child according to \ h e best interests of the child, for contacting local government officials pursuant to informal arrangements established with such officials by the runaway house, and for providing for other appropriate alternative living arrangements;