Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 90 Part 2.djvu/1184

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PUBLIC LAW 94-000—MMMM. DD, 1976

90 STAT. 2652 Travel expenses.

Duties.

Long-range plan.

PUBLIC LAW 94-562—OCT. 19, 1976 as members of the Commission. All members, while serving away from their homes or regular places of business in the performance of services for the Commission, shall be allowed travel expenses, including per diem in lieu of subsistence, in the same manner as such expenses are authorized by section 5703 of title 5, United States Code, for persons in Government service employed intermittently. (g)(1) The Commission shall— (A) conduct a comprehensive study of the present state of knowledge of the incidence, duration, and morbidity of, and mortality rates resulting from, digestive diseases and of the social and economic impact of such diseases; (B) evaluate the public and private facilities and resources (including trained personnel and research activities) for the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of, and research in, such diseases; and (C) identify programs (including biological, behavioral, nutritional, environmental, and social programs) in which, and the means by which, improvement in the management of digestive diseases can be accomplished. Each Federal entity administering health programs and activities related to digestive diseases shall, upon request, assist the Commission in carrying out its duties under this paragraph. (2) Based on the study, evaluation, and identification made pursuant to paragraph (1), the Commission shall develop and recommend a long-range plan for the use and organization of national resources to effectively deal with digestive diseases. The plan shall provide for— (A) research studies into the basic biological processes and mechanisms related to digestive diseases; (B) investigations into the epidemiology, etiology, diagnosis, treatment, prevention, and control of digestive diseases; (C) development of preventive measures (including education programs, programs for the elimination of environmental hazards related to digestive diseases, and clinical programs) to be taken against digestive diseases; (D) detection of digestive diseases in the presymptomatic stages and development and evaluation of new and improved methods of screening for digestive diseases; (E) development of criteria for the diagnosis and the clinical management and control of digestive diseases; (F) development of coordinated health care systems for dealing with digestive diseases; (G) education and training (including continuing education programs) of scientists, clinicians, educators, and allied health professionals in the fields and specialties requisite to the conduct of programs related to digestive diseases with special emphasis on training for careers in research, teaching, and all aspects of patient care; (H) the conduct and direction of field studies and clinical trials for testing, evaluating, and demonstrating preventive, diagnostic, therapeutic, rehabilitative, and control measures in digestive diseases; (I) establishment of a standardized nomenclature of all digestive diseases for use in basic and clinical research and to facilitate collaborative studies; and (J) establishment of a system of periodic surveillance of the research potential and research needs in digestive diseases corre-