vi Chiiang Tzii
He wrote The Old Fisherman, Robber Che, and Opeiiing Trunks, with a view to asperse the Con- fucian school and to glorify the mysteries of Lao Tzu.^ Wei Lei Hsii, Keng Sang Tzit, and the like, are probably unsubstantial figments of his imagina- tion.^ Nevertheless, his literary and dialectic skill was such that the best scholars of the age proved unable to refute his destructive criticism of the Confucian and Mihist schools.^
His teachings were like an overwhelming flood, which spreads at its own sweet will. Consequently, from rulers and ministers downwards, none could apply them to any definite use.^
Prince Wei of the Ch'u State, hearing of Chuang Tzu's good report, sent messengers to him, bearing costly gifts, and inviting him to become Prime Minister. At this Chuang Tzu smiled and said to the messengers, " You offer me great wealth and a proud position indeed ; but have you never seen a sacrificial ox ? — When after being fattened up for several years, it is decked with embroidered trappings and led to the altar, would it not willingly then change places with some uncared-for pigling .-* . ..... Begone ! Defile me not ! I would
rather disport myself to my own enjoyment in the
��1 See chs. xxxi, xxix, and x, respectively.
2 The second of these personages is doubtless identical, though the name is differently written, with the Keng Sang Ch'u of ch. xxiii. The identity of the first name has not been satisfactorily settled.
3 See p. 17.
- This last clause is based upon a famous passage in the Lun Yii : —
The perfect man is not a mere thing ; i.e., his functions are not limited. The idea conveyed is that Chuang Tzu's system was too far-reaching to be practical.