Pledge of Allegiance

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Pledge of Allegiance
by Francis Bellamy

The Pledge of Allegiance, a patriotic oath of the United States of America. See w:Pledge of Allegiance for background.

Original version, written by Francis Bellamy in 1892:

I pledge allegiance
to my Flag
and the Republic
for which it stands,
one nation
indivisible,
with liberty and justice for all.

Version used endorsed by President Benjamin Harrison and used by children on Columbus Day, 1892 (insertion of word “to”):

I pledge allegiance
to my Flag
and to the Republic
for which it stands,
one nation
indivisible,
with liberty and justice for all.

Version created from the 1923/1924 National Flag Conference (“my Flag” → “the Flag of the United States of America”):

I pledge allegiance
to the Flag
of the United States of America,
and to the Republic
for which it stands,
one nation
indivisible,
with liberty and justice for all.

Version of 1954 to the present (inserted “under God”):

I pledge allegiance
to the Flag
of the United States of America,
and to the Republic
for which it stands,
one nation
under God,
indivisible,
with liberty and justice for all.