Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002/Title IX

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Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
Title IX—White-Collar Crime Penalty Enhancements

==TITLE IX—WHITE-COLLAR CRIME PENALTY ENHANCEMENTS==

SEC. 901. SHORT TITLE.[edit]

This title may be cited as the ``White-Collar Crime Penalty Enhancement Act of 2002´´.

SEC. 902. ATTEMPTS AND CONSPIRACIES TO COMMIT CRIMINAL FRAUD OFFENSES.[edit]

(a) IN GENERAL—
Chapter 63 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by inserting after section 1348 as added by this Act the following:
``Sec. 1349. Attempt and conspiracy
``Any person who attempts or conspires to commit any offense under this chapter shall be subject to the same penalties as those prescribed for the offense, the commission of which was the object of the attempt or conspiracy.
(b) CLERICAL AMENDMENT—
The table of sections at the beginning of chapter 63 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new item:
``1349. Attempt and conspiracy.´´.

SEC. 903. CRIMINAL PENALTIES FOR MAIL AND WIRE FRAUD.[edit]

(a) MAIL FRAUD—
Section 1341 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by striking ``five´´ and inserting ``20´´.
(b) WIRE FRAUD—
Section 1343 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by striking ``five´´ and inserting ``20´´.

SEC. 904. CRIMINAL PENALTIES FOR VIOLATIONS OF THE EMPLOYEE RETIREMENT INCOME SECURITY ACT OF 1974.[edit]

Section 501 of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 (29 U.S.C. 1131) is amended—
(1) by striking ``$5,000´´ and inserting ``$100,000´´;
(2) by striking ``one year´´ and inserting ``10 years´´; and
(3) by striking ``$100,000´´ and inserting ``$500,000´´.

SEC. 905. AMENDMENT TO SENTENCING GUIDELINES RELATING TO CERTAIN WHITE-COLLAR OFFENSES.[edit]

(a) DIRECTIVE TO THE UNITED STATES SENTENCING COMMISSION—
Pursuant to its authority under section 994(p) of title 18, United States Code, and in accordance with this section, the United States Sentencing Commission shall review and, as appropriate, amend the Federal Sentencing Guidelines and related policy statements to implement the provisions of this Act.
(b) REQUIREMENTS—
In carrying out this section, the Sentencing Commission shall—
(1) ensure that the sentencing guidelines and policy statements reflect the serious nature of the offenses and the penalties set forth in this Act, the growing incidence of serious fraud offenses which are identified above, and the need to modify the sentencing guidelines and policy statements to deter, prevent, and punish such offenses;
(2) consider the extent to which the guidelines and policy statements adequately address whether the guideline offense levels and enhancements for violations of the sections amended by this Act are sufficient to deter and punish such offenses, and specifically, are adequate in view of the statutory increases in penalties contained in this Act;
(3) assure reasonable consistency with other relevant directives and sentencing guidelines;
(4) account for any additional aggravating or mitigating circumstances that might justify exceptions to the generally applicable sentencing ranges;
(5) make any necessary conforming changes to the sentencing guidelines; and
(6) assure that the guidelines adequately meet the purposes of sentencing, as set forth in section 3553(a)(2) of title 18, United States Code.
(c) EMERGENCY AUTHORITY AND DEADLINE FOR COMMISSION ACTION—
The United States Sentencing Commission is requested to promulgate the guidelines or amendments provided for under this section as soon as practicable, and in any event not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act, in accordance with the procedures set forth in section 219(a) of the Sentencing Reform Act of 1987, as though the authority under that Act had not expired.

SEC. 906. CORPORATE RESPONSIBILITY FOR FINANCIAL REPORTS.[edit]

(a) IN GENERAL—
Chapter 63 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by inserting after section 1349, as created by this Act, the following:
``Sec. 1350. Failure of corporate officers to certify financial reports
``(a) CERTIFICATION OF PERIODIC FINANCIAL REPORTS— Each periodic report containing financial statements filed by an issuer with the Securities Exchange Commission pursuant to section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (15 U.S.C. 78m(a) or 78o(d)) shall be accompanied by a written statement by the chief executive officer and chief financial officer (or equivalent thereof) of the issuer.
``(b) CONTENT— The statement required under subsection (a) shall certify that the periodic report containing the financial statements fully complies with the requirements of section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (15 U.S.C. 78m or 78o(d)) and that information contained in the periodic report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of the issuer.
``(c) CRIMINAL PENALTIES— Whoever—
``(1) certifies any statement as set forth in subsections (a) and (b) of this section knowing that the periodic report accompanying the statement does not comport with all the requirements set forth in this section shall be fined not more than $1,000,000 or imprisoned not more than 10 years, or both; or
``(2) willfully certifies any statement as set forth in subsections (a) and (b) of this section knowing that the periodic report accompanying the statement does not comport with all the requirements set forth in this section shall be fined not more than $5,000,000, or imprisoned not more than 20 years, or both.´´.
(b) CLERICAL AMENDMENT—
The table of sections at the beginning of chapter 63 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:
``1350. Failure of corporate officers to certify financial reports.´´.