Science Laureates of the United States Act of 2013 (H.R. 1891; 113th Congress)

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Science Laureates of the United States Act of 2013 ( HR1891 ; 113th Congress)  (2013) 
by Zoe Lofgren
H.R. 1891 as introduced

113th CONGRESS


1st Session


H. R. 1891


IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES


May 8, 2013



A BILL

To establish a position of Science Laureate of the United States.

Section 1. Short title[edit]

This Act may be cited as the “Science Laureates of the United States Act of 2013” .

Sec. 2. Findings[edit]

Congress finds the following:
(1) Scientific research and advancement has driven success in the United States and global success for centuries.
(2) Scientific research has saved, improved, and extended lives, increased the standard of living, expanded economic opportunity, and advanced human understanding.
(3) Such research holds the promise of continuing this progress, protecting the environment, creating jobs, growing the economy through innovative ideas and discoveries, and generally advancing all mankind.
(4) People in the United States can benefit when scientific research is conducted and communicated in a transparent manner to better inform citizens about the nature and status of such research.
(5) Scientific education is a critical element of preparing our Nation and our citizens for a technology-intensive future and ensuring that the United States remains the world leader in innovation and high-tech success.
(6) A spokesperson who can embody, demonstrate, and articulate the importance and excitement of scientific research and education will help improve the current and future state of science to the benefit of all people in the United States.

Sec. 3. Establishment of Science Laureates of the United States[edit]

(a) Position established–[edit]

Congress recognizes that science contributes to the economic prosperity and general welfare of the United States, and that increasing the public’s awareness about the sciences will increase such benefits. Congress also recognizes that scientists who are both accomplished in their fields and who foster the public’s interest in science do a special service to the United States. To honor their service and to further increase the public’s awareness about the sciences, there is established the position of Science Laureate of the United States.

(b) Appointment–[edit]

(1) In General–[edit]

The President shall appoint a Science Laureate on the basis of—

(A) merit, particularly the ability of an individual to—
(i) foster and enhance public awareness and interest in science; and
(ii) provide ongoing significant scientific contributions; and
(B) recommendations received from the National Academy of Sciences, based on the factors described in subparagraph (A).

(2) Variety of Scientific Disciplines–[edit]

The President shall strive to choose for the position of Science Laureate of the United States individuals, in different years, from different scientific disciplines, including biology, physics, geosciences, astronomy, mathematics, chemistry, and other science disciplines.

(3) Number of appointments–[edit]

The President may, in exceptional circumstances, appoint more than 1, but not more than 3 Science Laureates to serve simultaneously in the position of Science Laureate of the United States.

(c) Duties–[edit]

Each Science Laureate shall engage the public, from time to time, to increase the public’s awareness about science. A Science Laureate is encouraged to continue the Science Laureate's scientific work. The National Academy of Sciences shall facilitate the duties of a Science Laureate.

(d) Limitation–[edit]

The Science Laureate position shall not have the effect of duplicating or superseding the role of the President’s Science Advisor.

(e) Term–[edit]

Each Science Laureate shall serve a 1-year or 2-year term, as determined by the President. A Science Laureate may be reappointed for additional terms.

(f) Compensation; Reimbursement–[edit]

(1) Compensation–[edit]

A Science Laureate shall serve without pay and shall not be considered to be a Federal employee based on such individual's appointment as a Science Laureate.

(2) Reimbursement for travel–[edit]

The National Academy of Sciences may in its discretion provide a Science Laureate with reimbursement for travel expenses incurred while performing duties as a Science Laureate, including per diem in lieu of subsistence, in accordance with applicable provisions in the same manner as persons employed intermittently in the Government service are allowed expenses under section 5703of title 5, United States Code .

This work is in the public domain in the United States because it is a work of the United States federal government (see 17 U.S.C. 105).