Syria: A Short History

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Syria: A Short History  (1959) 
by Philip Khuri Hitti
Published 1959; copyright not renewed.

SYRIA

A SHORT HISTORY
Being a condensation of the author's
'History of Syria including
Lebanon and Palestine'


BY
PHILIP K. HITTI

Professor Emeritus of Semitic Literature on the
William and Annie S. Paton Foundation
Princeton University


New York
THE MACMILLAN COMPANY
1959

PREFACE


Ever since the publication of History of Syria including Lebanon and Palestine (1951) the author has entertained the hope of compressing it into a small volume, minus footnotes and other critical apparatus, which would appeal to a wider and more varied audience. It would bear the same relation to the larger volume that the author's The Arabs: A Short History bears to History of the Arabs. But the present heightened interest in Syria and the Syrians and the curiosity aroused about what is happening there, together with its setting and background, called for immediate action which I found myself unable to undertake because of prior commitments. Hence I sought and received the co-operation of my former pupil and colleague, Harry W. Hazard. Dr. Hazard has produced a work worthy of his scholarship and, we trust, adequately satisfying to the needs of the student and the intelligent layman. Three of the maps were newly sketched by him.

The last chapter in the larger volume, dealing with the contemporary scene, has been expanded by the author into four chapters.


P. K. H.


March 1958

CONTENTS

PAGE
PREFACE V
PLACE IN HISTORY 1
THE LAND AND CLIMATE 5
PREHISTORIC ERAS 22
THE ANCIENT SEMITES 31
THE HELLENISTIC AGE 54
ROMANS AND SEMITES 72
BYZANTINES AND ARABS 96
MOSLEM CONQUEST 108
THE GLORY THAT WAS DAMASCUS 119
LIFE UNDER THE UMAYYADS 138
ABBASID PROVINCE 150
PETTY DYNASTIES 160
UNDER FATIMIDS AND SELJUKS 168
THE CRUSADES 176
AYYUBIDS AND MAMLUKS 200
TURKISH PROVINCE 213
INTELLECTUAL AND NATIONALIST STIRRINGS 228
WAR, OPPRESSION AND PESTILENCE 237
UNDER THE FRENCH MANDATE 242
INDEPENDENT REPUBLIC 250
INDEX 259
LIST OF MAPS

PAGE
TOPOGRAPHICAL MAP OF SYRIA 7
ANCIENT SYRIA 41
CLASSICAL SYRIA 73
CRUSADER STATES OF SYRIA AND LEBANON 180
SYRIA AND LEBANON ON THE EVE OF THE SECOND WORLD WAR 245

This work is in the public domain in the United States because it was legally published within the United States (or the United Nations Headquarters in New York subject to Section 7 of the United States Headquarters Agreement) before 1964, and copyright was not renewed.
For Class A renewals records (books only) published between 1923 and 1963, check the Stanford Copyright Renewal Database and the Rutgers copyright renewal records.
For other renewal records of publications between 1922 - 1950 see the Pennsylvania copyright records scans.
For all records since 1978, search the U.S. Copyright Office records.

The author died in 1978, so this work is also in the public domain in countries and areas where the copyright term is the author's life plus 30 years or less. This work may also be in the public domain in countries and areas with longer native copyright terms that apply the rule of the shorter term to foreign works.


Works published in 1959 would have had to renew their copyright in either 1986 or 1987, i.e. at least 27 years after it was first published / registered but not later than 31 December(31 December) in the 28th year. As it was not renewed, it entered the public domain on 1 January 1988(1 January 1988).