The Encyclopedia Americana (1920)/Library Data

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LIBRARY DATA.[1] For convenience of ready reference the principal libraries throughout the world are here tabulated by nations:

 Status   Founded   Number of 
Volumes





Argentina.
 Buenos Aires Biblioteca Nacional Reference 1810 300,000
Australia.
 Melbourne Victoria Public Library Public 1854 258,756
 Sydney N. S. Public Library Public 1869 258,742
Austria-Hungary.
 Budapest Magyar Nemzeti Múzeum Reference 1802 289,098
 Cracow Universytet Jagiellónski Bibliothek University  1400 429,355
 Graz Königliche Kaiserliche Universitäts-Bibliothek University 1586 270,959
 Klausenburg Königliche Universitäts-Bibliothek University 1872 252,443
 Prague Königliche Kaiserliche Universitäts-Bibliothek University 1773 380,769
 Vienna Königliche und Kaiserliche Hofbibliothek Reference 1440  1,000,000
Königliche und Kaiserliche Universitäts-Bibliothek University 1775 883,394
Belgium.
 Brussels Bibliothèque Royale Reference 1837 700,000
 Ghent Bibliothèque de l'Université Reference ........ 450,000
 Liège Bibliothèque Universitaire University 1817 300,000
 Louvain Bibliothèque de l'Université Catholique (destroyed by the Germans, 27 Aug. 1914) University 1627 230,000
Brazil.
 Rio de Janeiro Bibliotheca Nacional Reference 1810 330,000
Canada.
 Ottawa Library of Parliament Reference ........ 400,000
 Toronto Public Library Public ........ 258,000
University Library University ........ 142,860
China.
 Peking Imperial Library Reference ........ 100,000
Denmark.
 Copenhagen Kongelige Bibliothek Reference 1665 770,000
Universitets Bibliothek University 1482 400,000
France.
 Grenoble Bibliothèque de la Ville Public 1772 269,024
 Lille Bibliothèque des Facultés Catholiques University ........ 235,000
Bibliothèque de la Université University ........ 407,000
 Lyon Bibliothèque de la Ville Public 1527 450,000
 Paris Bibliothèque d'Arsenal Reference 1797 624,904
Bibliothèque de l'Institut Reference 1795 550,000
Bibliothèque Nationale Reference 1367  4,050,000
Bibliothèque de Sainte Geneviève Reference 1624 400,000
Bibliothèque de l'Université Reference 1762 600,000
Germany.
 Bamberg Königliche Oeffentliche-Bibliothek Public 1611 350,000
 Berlin Königliche Bibliothek Reference 1661 1,500,000
Königliche Universitäts Bibliothek University 1829 265,856
 Bonn Rheinische.-F. w.-Universitäts-Bibliothek University ........ 376,800
 Dresden Königliche Oeffentliche Bibliothek Reference ........ 570,000
 Erlangen Königliche Universitäts-Bibliothek University 1743 254,083
 Frankfort-a-Main Stadt-Bibliothek Public 1668 365,529
 Freiburg-i.-B. Universitäts-Bibliothek University ........ 300,000
 Giessen Universitäts-Bibliothek University 1612 261,747
 Göttingen Universitäts-Bibliothek University 1736-37 619,162
 Halle-a.-d.-S. Universitäts-Bibliothek Public 1696 284,970
 Hamburg Stadt-Bibliothek Public 1529 418,000
 Heidelberg Universitäts-Bibliothek University 1386 500,000
 Jena Universitäts-Bibliothek University 1558 270,000
 Kiel Universitäts-Bibliothek University 1665 309,118
 Königsberg Königliche Universitäts-Bibliothek University 1534 318,000
 Leipzig Universitäts-Bibliothek University 1543 610,000
 Munich Königliche Hof-u.-Staatsbibliothek Reference 1550-78 1,190,000
Königliche Universitäts-Bibliothek University 1472 691,475
 Rostock Universitäts-Bibliothek University ........ 294,000
  Kaiserliche Universitäts-Bibliothek University 1870 1,023,133
  Königliche Landes-Bibliothek Public 1765 603,186
  Königliche Universitäts-Bibliothek University 1477 555,283
  Grossherzogliche Bibliothek Reference ........ 300,000
  Herzogliche Bibliothek Reference 1568-1644 300,000
Great Britain.
 Birmingham Free Libraries Public 1861 445,675
 Cambridge University Library University 1444 860,000
 Edinburgh Advocates Library Reference 1682 632,000
University Library University 1583 270,000
 Glasgow Corporation Library Public 1877 430,000
 Leeds Central Public Free Library Public 1870 327,210
 Liverpool Public Libraries Public 1850 338,796
 London British Museum Reference 1753 3,000,000
London Library Public 1841 260,000
Public Libraries (13) Public ........ 1,125,270
University College Library University 1829 150,000
University of London University 1839 100,000
  Reference 1837 125,000
 Manchester John Rylands Library Public 1899 200,000
Public Free Libraries Public 1852 500,000
 Oxford Bodleian. Oxford University University 1598 800,000
Greece.
 Athens National Library Reference 1842 314,000
Holland.
 Amsterdam Universiteits-Bibliothek University 1600 600,000
 The Hague Koninklijke Bibliothek Reference 1798 600,000
 Leyden Rijks-Universiteit Bibliothek University 1575 400,000
 Utrecht Rijks-Universiteit Bibliothek University 1584 397,000
Italy.
 Bologna Biblioteca Comunale Public 1801 313,133
Biblioteca Universitaria University 1605 255,000
 Florence Biblioteca Archivo di Stato Documents 1852 566,000
Biblioteca Marucelliana Reference 1703 200,000
Regale Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale Reference 1714 595,592
Biblioteca Scientifico Reference ........ 400,000
 Milan Biblioteca Ambrosiana Reference 1609 230,000
Biblioteca Nazionale (Braidense) Reference 1770 259,680
 Naples Biblioteca Archivo di Stato Documents 1818 1,378,000
Regale Biblioteca Nazionale Reference 1734 395,439
Regale Biblioteca Universitaria University 1812 353,620
 Padua Regale Biblioteca Universitaria University 1629 297,359
 Parma Regale Biblioteca Palatina Reference 1769 313,323
 Pavia Biblioteca Universitaria University 1778-82 250,000
 Rome Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana Reference 1750 350,000
Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale Vittorio Emanuele Public 1875 450,000
 Turin Biblioteca Nazionale Universitaria University 1720 350,000
 Venice Biblioteca Nazionale Marciana Reference 1468 426,819
 Vicenza Biblioteca Comunale Bertoliana Public 1708 240,000
Japan.
 Kioto Imperial University Library University ........ 291,117
 Tokio Imperial Cabinet Library Reference 1885 507,500
Imperial Library Reference 1872 298,663
University Library University 1872 491,082
Norway.
 Christiania Universitet Bibliothek University 1811 495,000
Portugal.
 Lisbon Bibliotheca Nacional Reference 1796 400,000
Russia.
 Helsingfors Universitet Bibliothek University 1640-1827 400,000
 Kazan Universitet Bibliothek University 1903 309,936
 Kief Vladima Universitet Bibliothek University 1832 500,000
 Moscow Duchovnaja Akademia Bibliothek Reference 1689 240,000
Pub. i Rumantzovski Musei Reference 1828 1,000,000
Rossyski Istoriceski Musei Reference 1875-83 300,000
Universitet Bibliothek University 1756 394,845
 Odessa Novorossijski Universitet University 1865 280,144
 Petrograd Academija Nank Reference 1728 500,000
Imperial Public Library Reference 1814 2,615,374
Universitet Bibliothek University ........ 453,772
 Warsaw Library of the Polish Kingdom Reference ........ 1,749,837
Varsavski Universitet Bibliothek University 1817 576,387
Spain.
 Madrid Biblioteca Nacional Reference ........ 650,000
Biblioteca de la Universidad Central University 1508-1836 267,000
Sweden.
 Lund Universitets-Bibliothek University 1668 200,000
 Stockholm Kungliga Bibliothek Reference 1585 400,000
 Upsala Kungl. Universitets-Bibliothek University 1620 400,000
Switzerland.
 Basel Oeffentliche Bibliothek Public 1460 330,094
 Berne Bibliothèque Nationale Suisse Reference 1895 225,000
 Geneva B. Publique et Universitaire Reference 1560 200,000
Stadt-Bibliothek Public 1528 225,000
 Lausanne Bibliothek Cantonale Public ........ 300,000
 Zürich Stadt-Bibliothek Public 1629 257,599
United States.
 Albany, N. Y. New York State Library Reference 1818 449,542
 Ann Arbor, Mich. University of Michigan Library University 1841 383,976
 Baltimore, Md. Enoch Pratt Free Library Public 1882 355,817
Johns Hopkins University Library University 1876 202,247
Peabody Institute Library Reference 1857 197,634
 Berkeley, Cal. University of California Library University 1869 355,192
 Boston, Mass. American Academy of Arts and Science Scientific 1780 34,287
Boston Athenæum Reference 1807 264,531
Boston Medical Library Medical 1875 85,963
City Free Library Public 1848 1,157,326
Congregational Library Theological 1853 64,561
Massachusetts Historical Society History 1791 58,502
Massachusetts Institute of Technology Technological 1889 121,711
New England Historical and Genealogical Society History 1844 39,711
Social Law Library Law 1803 65,000
State Library Law 1826 192,051
 Brooklyn, N. Y. Public Library Public 1896 862,112
 Buffalo, N. Y. Public Library Public 1836 363,546
 Cambridge, Mass. Harvard University, Andover-Harvard Theological Library Theological 1817 106,771
Harvard University, Arnold Arboretum Library Forestry ........ 31,213
Harvard Astronomy, Observatory Library Astronomical 1848 14,986
Harvard College Library University 1638 792,117
Harvard Gray Herbarium Botanical 1864 17,525
Harvard Law School Law 1817 172,073
Harvard Museum of Comparative Zoology Scientific 1859 54,683
Harvard Peabody Museum Ethnological ........ 7,119
 Chicago, Ill. Chicago Historical Society History 1856 24,738
John Crerar Library Scientific 1904 384,603
Municipal Reference Library Economics 1900 15,957
Newberry Library Reference 1887 375,182
Public Library Public 1871 806,172
University of Chicago University 1892 517,936
 Cincinnati, Ohio Public Library Public 1828 515,906
 Cleveland, Ohio Public Library Public 1868 584,340
 Columbus, Ohio State Library Legislative 1817 213,723
 Detroit, Mich. Public Library Public 1865 450,910
 Denver, Colo. Public Library Public 1884 192,366
 Harrisburg, Pa. State Library Legislative 1816 176,624
 Hartford, Conn. State Library Legislative 1854 200,000
 Ithaca, N. Y. Cornell University Library University 1868 489,656
 Kansas City, Mo. Public Library Public 1876 271,077
 Los Angeles, Cal. Public Library Public 1872 306,163
 Madison, Wis. University of Wisconsin Library University 1850 255,000
Wisconsin Historical Society History 1849 376,000
Wisconsin State Library Law 1836 58,000
 Milwaukee, Wis. Public Library Public 1875 342,194
 Minneapolis, Minn. Public Library Public 1885 334,763
University of Minnesota University 1867 251,000
 New Haven, Conn. Yale University Library University 1700 1,025,000
 New York, N. Y. American Geographical Society Library Geographical 1852 45,000
Association of the Bar Law 1870 114,437
Columbia University Law Library Law ........ 59,262
Columbia University Library University 1754 630,075
Columbia University Teacher's College Education 1887 60,500
Engineering Societies Engineering ........ 62,446
Mercantile Library Public 1820 246,817
Metropolitan Museum Art 1879 29,000
New York Academy of Medicine Medicine 1847 101,593
New York Historical Society History 1804 130,866
New York Law Institute Library Law 1828 81,209
New York Society Library Society 1754 100,000
Free Public Library Public 1854 2,538,000
Russell Sage Foundation Sociological 1893 15,695
Union Theological Library Theological 1836 133,944
 Newark, N. J. Free Public Library Public 1847 256,581
Prudential Life Insurance Company Insurance 1893 100,000
 Philadelphia, Pa. Academy of Natural Sciences 1812 80,000
Franklin Institute Scientific 1824 71,000
Free Library Public 1731 534,152
Historical Society of Pennsylvania History 1824 202,000
Library Company of Philadelphia Public 1731 249,209
Library of the College of Physicians and Surgeons Medicine 1789 107,782
Philadelphia Commercial Museum Commercial ........ 37,314
University of Pennsylvania Library University 1755 413,519
 Pittsburgh, Pa. Carnegie Library Public 1890 434,469
 Portland, Ore. Library Association Public 1864 266,729
 Princeton, N. J. Princeton University Library University 1746 397,427
 Providence, R. I. Brown University Library University 1768 240,000
Public Library Public 1878 181,307
Rhode Island State Library Legislative ........ 40,144
 Sacramento, Cal. California State Library Legislative 1850 207,283
 Saint Louis, Mo. Christian Brothers College Library University 1860 273,842
Public Library Public 1865 487,336
 Salem, Ore. Oregon State Library Legislative 1851 136,986
 San Francisco, Cal.  Public Library Public 1878 191,960
Mechanics Mercantile Library Reference 1854 127,866
 Stanford, Cal. Leland Stanford University Library University 1891 287,634
 Urbana, Ill. University of Illinois Library University 1868 388,000
 Washington, D. C. Bureau of Railway Economics Railways 1910 50,000
District of Columbia Public Library Public 1898 200,000
Georgetown University Library University 1791 104,785
Law Library of Congress Law ........ 168,719
Library of Congress Reference 1800 2,451,934
Library of the Surgeon-General's Office Medical 1865 190,310
Pan-American Union History 1890 32,834
Public Documents Library Documents 1895 193,533
Smithsonian Institution Scientific 1846 521,616
Supreme Council Thirty-third Degree (Masonic) Masonry 1886 75,000
United States Army War College Military 1885 100,000
United States Bureau of Education Education 1868 150,000
United States Bureau of Ethnology Ethnological ........ 20,430
United States Bureau of Fisheries Fisheries ........ 29,155
United States Bureau of Labor Statistics Economic ........ 30,282
United States Bureau of Mines Mining 1911 12,000
United States Bureau of Standards Scientific 1901 13,621
United States Coast and Geodetic Survey Scientific 1832 25,000
United States Department of Agriculture Agriculture 1868 131,693
United States Department of Commerce Commerce 1866 54,540
United States Department of Justice Law 1831 45,000
United States Department of the Navy Naval 1882 50,000
United States Department of State Diplomatic 1789 73,000
United States Engineers' School Military ........ 45,115
United States Forest Service Forestry ........ 12,245
United States Interstate Commerce Commission Railways ........ 13,000
United States Geological Survey Geological 1882 120,000
United States House of Representatives Documents ........ 275,000
United States National Museum Scientific ........ 43,692
United States Patent Office Technical 1836 93,300
United States Senate Library Law 1852 200,000
United States Treasury Department Finance ........ 11,060
United States Weather Bureau Meteorological 1870 34,000
Volta Bureau Deaf ........ 9,000
 Worcester, Mass. American Antiquarian Society History 1812 140,000
Public Library Public 1859 224,482
  1. Obtained from the latest reliable sources, “The American Library Annual-1915-1918” in particular. Through the kindness of Mr. Bowker and Miss Huxley of The Library Journal, it has been possible to bring the figures relative to many American libraries quite up to date; in other cases, however, only approximations are presented. This is especially true of the foreign collections.


Americana 1920 Libraries - Provincial Library Victoria British Columbia.jpg

Provincial Library, Victoria, British Columbia


Americana 1920 Libraries - New Hampshire Historical Society.jpg

New Hampshire Historical Society, Concord, N. H.


Americana 1920 Libraries - National Geographic Society.jpg
The Home of the National Geographic Society. On the right is the Gardiner Greene Hubbard Hall, erected for the Society by the heirs of its first president. In this building are the Board rooms and Library. The administration building adjoining is devoted to the editorial and business offices of the Magazine


Americana 1920 Libraries - National Library Berlin.jpg

The National Library, Berlin